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This Day in History – April 29 – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… APRIL 29

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1861 – Maryland Legislature votes against secession.

The House of Delegates voted 53-13 to stay in the Union. Maryland, a border state, had both pro-slavery and pro-union factions. It was a very important vote for the North because if Maryland had seceded, Washington DC would have been entirely surrounded by the Confederacy. Ten days earlier, during what was known as the Baltimore Riot, a pro-secession mob attacked Union soldiers. In the gun battle that followed, four soldiers and twelve protestors were killed. This led the Federal government to send more troops to protect the city and led to the convening of the legislature to make a decision.

Based on what happened exactly one year later (see next entry), they made the correct decision.

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1862 – Union forces capture New Orleans.

Led by Admiral David Farragut, Union gunboats fought their way past two forts below New Orleans, Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philips, and then approached the city. The rebels had expected the attack to come from down the Mississippi and had their forces massed above the city. Largely undefended New Orleans surrendered rather than face destruction from naval bombardment.

On this same day 100,000 Union troops marched into Corinth, Mississippi.

One year into the war and things were already going badly for the Confederacy. A lot of lives would have been saved if they had come to their senses at this point. Although it appears there are some elements that have still not come to their senses.

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1945 – Dachau liberated.

On the morning of April 29th elements of the U.S. Seventh Army arrived at the gates of Dachau. They were greeted by the cheering of 32,000 inmates. Many of the German guards and officers were executed by irate Americans or beaten to death by the inmates. This was done with some justification and even necessity, because even as the camp was being liberated, some guards were still killing prisoners. One American officer recalled having difficulty preventing his men from taking justice into their own hands after they saw the horror and understood the crime of Dachau. There was a feeling they were not fighting other soldiers, but criminals. There was irony in this retribution, however, because the regular camp commandant and many of his SS guards had fled the day before, and it was a relief force that surrendered Dachau.

Here is an account by Lt. Col. Walter Fellenz of the 42nd Infantry Division. “Several hundred yards inside the main gate, we encountered the concentration enclosure itself. There before us, behind an electrically charged, barbed wire fence, stood a mass of cheering, half-mad men, women and children, waving and shouting with happiness – their liberators had come! The noise was beyond comprehension! Every individual (over 32,000) who could utter a sound, was cheering. Our hearts wept as we saw the tears of happiness fall from their cheeks.”

A moving description by a combat-hardened soldier.

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Birthdays:

1899 – Duke Ellington.

Bandleader, composer, and songwriter. Starting at the Cotton Club in Harlem in the 1920s, Ellington led his band for almost fifty years. He was perhaps the biggest name of the Big Band era, and when the swing era passed on to other types of music, Ellington’s band was the only one to survive and continue. In an unrelated side note to his musical career, Ellington’s father was a butler in the White House.

Duke Ellington. Has a name ever fit a man more perfectly and what he accomplished?

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1907 – Fred Zinnemann.

Austrian-born Hollywood film director. He directed such Academy Award winning films as High Noon, From Here to Eternity, and A Man for All Seasons. His films were notable for their sense of realism. He had an interesting start to his career in being cast as an extra in the 1930 classic, All Quiet on the Western Front.

I concur with the authenticity portrayed in his movies. “From Here to Eternity” captures the feel of being in the military as well as any film I’ve ever seen on the subject. It is one of my favorite movies and no matter the many times I have seen it, if it comes on TV I find myself once again enthralled and re-watching it.

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1947 – Jim Ryun.

American distance runner. He was the first high school runner to break the four-minute mile and he won a silver medal in the 1968 Olympics. Ryun also served as a representative from Kansas in the U.S. House of Representatives. According to Ryun’s own words, he began running because “I couldn’t do anything else.”

And it was probably that same rationale that carried him, and most other members, to Congress.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

Wikipedia.org

OnThisDay.com

History.com

Teaching.MSA.Maryland.gov

ScrapbookPages.com

Britannica.com

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Lead-In Image  – catwalker / Shutterstock.com – “A postage stamp printed in USA showing an image of Duke Ellington, circa 1986.”

duke ellington stamp shutterstock embed

* Your State In The Civil War: Maryland (video) – Civil War Trust / YouTube.com

* Admiral David Farragut (video) – GettysburgNPS / YouTube.com

* Dachau Liberation Footage (video) – Timeline / YouTube.com

* Duke Ellington (video) – morrisoncoursevids / YouTube.com

* Fred Zinnemann (video) – Top 10 Charts / YouTube.com

* James Ryun (video) – Decades TV Network / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 5

* December 11

* December 16

December 18 

* December 22

December 28

January 3

* January 4

January 7

January 11

* January 14

* January 15

January 19

January 22

January 24

January 29

February 1

February 3

February 5

February 9

* February 10

* February 14

February 15

February 20

February 21

February 25

February 28

March 2

March 6

March 9

March 12

March 14

March 17

March 19

March 21

March 23

March 27

March 29

April 2

April 3

April 6

April 11

* April 13

April 18

April 22

April 23

* April 28

May 2

May 6

May 10

May 15

May 19

* May 26

June 1

June 8

June 13

June 18

June 24

June 29

July 3

July 9

* July 13

July 17

July 23

July 30

* August 3

August 10

August 16

August 21

August 25

* August 31

September 5

September 11

September 16

September 21

September 25

September 30

October 7

October 12

October 16

October 25

October 30

November 4

* November 5

November 8

November 9

November 14

* November 19

November 23

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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