Vincenzo Perruggia Mugshot

This Day in History – August 21st – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… AUGUST 21

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1680 – Spanish flee Santa Fe.

Spanish military forces, priests, and settlers had occupied the area since 1540, to the dismay of the Pueblo Indians. Various uprisings were put down, usually with much cruelty. After one failed attempt, the Spaniards cut off the right feet of 24 Pueblo men. The Catholic religion was forced upon the Indians, they were forbidden to practice their cultural traditions, and many were enslaved. In the late 1670s, an uprising was planned by an Indian leader named Pope. Prior to that, over 40 “medicine men” were jailed and charged with sorcery. Three were hanged, and the rest publicly whipped before being released. Pope was one of them. The uprising became known as Pope’s Rebellion. He successfully organized 46 Pueblo towns and they rose up in unison. Over 400 Spaniards were killed, including two-thirds of the priests. After the Spanish fled, Pope ordered the churches burned and all Christian symbols, such as crosses, etc., destroyed. A drought had been plaguing the area and was one of the reasons for the uprising. Pope said the gods were angry with the Spanish and once they were gone it would rain. It didn’t, and his influence waned. What eventually happened to him is unknown. The Spanish returned in 1692 and re-conquered the area.

I wonder if the Spanish at the time were puzzled and aghast that the native population was rejecting their just and merciful god.

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1841 – Patent issued for the venetian blind.

John Hampton of New Orleans was granted the patent. However the original idea dates back to…drumroll please…yes, you guessed it, the Venetians! And they in turn brought the idea back from Persia.

If only someone could patent an easy way to clean them.

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1911 – Mona Lisa stolen from Louvre.

The theft of the world’s most famous painting created a media sensation at the time. At first, it was thought that critics of traditional art, Modernists, were responsible. Picasso was even briefly a suspect. The mystery wasn’t solved until two years later. The culprit turned out to be Vincenzo Perugia, an Italian who believed the masterpiece belonged in Italy. The theft turned out to be a wash for him in that he never received the huge payoff he expected, but neither did he receive a long jail sentence, and briefly he was a hero in his home country.

Nighttime in Paris. The Left Bank. We, Rick and I, were wandering aimlessly. On the other side of the river we saw the Louvre, brilliantly lit up. Dead broke, hungry, no place to sleep that night, a cultural experience was not high on our list of priorities. And unfortunately, that is as close as I have ever gotten to the Mona Lisa.

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Birthdays:

1904 – Count Basie. Jazz pianist, composer, and bandleader.

Basie quit school after junior high and went to work operating lights on the vaudeville circuit. He graduated to playing piano for silent films, learning to improvise to accent the plot lines. He played and led several musical combos until he had his own orchestra during the Big Band era. Basie received nine Grammy Awards, and in 1958 was the first African-American to win a Grammy. That also was the first year the Grammys were awarded.

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1932 – Melvin Van Peebles. Actor, director, writer.

He is most famously known for acting in and directing Sweet Sweetback’s Baadassss Song. Supporting himself by driving a cab in San Francisco, Van Peebles made several short films. He took them to Hollywood, hoping for a career. Instead he was offered jobs as an elevator operator and a dancer. He went to France where he began writing and became more involved in filmmaking. He made a film about an affair between a black American soldier and white French woman that gained the notice of Hollywood. He was hired to direct Watermelon Man, a story about a white bigot who becomes black. He was to shoot two endings, one where the protagonist becomes a black militant, and the second where he wakes up from a dream. He “forgot” to shoot the second ending. Van Peebles never compromised his integrity and while the film industry is still far from open, his success helped black actors and directors get more work.

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1936 – Wilt Chamberlain. 7’1” Basketball player.

He was a near unstoppable offensive force in the National Basketball Association. He once scored 100 points in a game, led the league in scoring seven straight years, was top rebounder 11 times ,and even had one year where he had the most assists. His teams won two NBA championships and he was voted MVP 4 times. As Oscar Robertson put it in the Philadelphia Daily News when asked whether Chamberlain was the best ever, “The books don’t lie.”

Sharing the same birth date, three legendary African-American success stories in the world of music, film, and sports.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

Findery.com

HistoryToday.com

Wikipedia.org

OnThisDay.com

Biography.YourDictionary.com

NBA.com

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

*  Lead-In Image – Vincenzo Perruggia (photo) – Everett Historical / Shutterstock.com – “Mugshots of Vincenzo Perruggia, an employee of the Louvre Museum who stole the Mona Lisa on August 21, 1911. He was caught two years later.”

Vincenzo Perruggia

* Santa Fe Facts (video) – Santa Fe Real Estate / Youtube.com

* Venetian Blind Cleaning Tip (video) – Bottom Line Inc / YouTube.com

* Count Basie and Orchestra (video) – BBC;  / Matthew Shank / YouTube.com

* Melvin Van Peebles (video) –  Joe Angio / YouTube.com

* Wilt Chamberlin Highlights (video) – Wilt Chamberlain Archive / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 2

* December 5

* December 9

December 11

December 12

* December 15

December 16

December 18 

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 28

* December 30

* January 3

January 4

January 6

January 7

January 10

* January 11

* January 14

January 15

January 16

January 19

January 21

January 22

January 24

January 25

January 29

January 30

February 1

February 3 

February 5

February 6

* February 9

* February 10

* February 11

February 14

February 15

February 18

February 20

February 21

February 24

February 25

February 28

March 2

March 3

March 6

March 9

March 10

March 12

* March 14

March 16

March 17

March 19

March 20

March 21

March 23

March 26

March 27

March 29

March 31

April 2

April 3

April 6

April 7

April 11

* April 12

April 13

April 18

April 19

April 22

April 23

April 25

April 28

April 29

May 2

May 3

* May 4

May 6

May 8

May 9

May 10

May 13

* May 17

May 18

May 19

May 23

* May 24

May 26

* May 28

May 29

June 1

June 2

June 3

June 8

June 9

June 10

June 15

June 17

June 18

June 19

June 21

June 23

June 24

June 28

June 29

June 30

July 2

* July 3

July 6

July 12

July 13

July 15

July 18

July 19

July 22

July 23

July 25

July 27

July 30

* July 31

August 3

August 4

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 14

August 16

August 17

* August 18

August 24

August 25

* August 28

August 31

September 2

September 5

September 6

September 8

September 11

September 12

September 15

September 16 

September 17

September 21

September 23

September 24

September 25

September 28

September 30

October 1

October 3

October 7

October 10

October 12

October 14

* October 16

October 18

October 24

October 25

October 27

October 28

October 30

November 3

* November 4

November 5

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 13

November 14

November 16

* November 17

November 19

November 20

November 23

November 28

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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