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This Day in History – January 29 – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… JANUARY 29 

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1258 – Battle of Dong Bo Dau.

Seeking world domination, a Mongol army of 50,000 invaded Vietnam. The Vietnamese used war elephants, which turned out to be a bad idea. The Mongols shot arrows at the feet of the elephants. The animals panicked, stampeded, and caused havoc within the Vietnamese army. Despite being routed, Vietnam did not surrender. The Mongols massacred the population of the capital city and occupied the country but were unable to conquer it. Heat, mosquitoes, and malaria took its toll on the Mongol army, and it was finally forced to retreat.

Two subsequent invasions, in 1285 and 1288, also failed. The Mongols would be victorious in battle but unable to control the countryside. During a period of peace Vietnam finally submitted, mostly to avoid further conflict.

700 years later, the U.S. Government might have been wise to study the history of the Mongols’ invasion of Vietnam.

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1891 – Queen Liliuokalani becomes ruling monarch of Hawaii.

She ruled only briefly, until 1893. Her older brother, while King, was forced to accept what was known as the Bayonet Constitution. Under the threat of force he transferred much of the monarch’s authority to wealthy Americans, Europeans, and Hawaiian elites. Liliuokalani was against this transfer of authority, and when her brother died and she became queen, she fought it. She drew up a new constitution, endeavored to restore the power of the monarchy, and fought for voting rights for those denied. The Hawaiian League, composed mostly of wealthy white men and anti-monarchists, led a coup against her rule. Reinforced by U.S. Marines ostensibly sent to protect Americans’ property, Liliuokalani was placed under house arrest. An uprising to restore the monarchy failed and in order to save the lives of some of her supporters who were under the death penalty, Queen Liliuokalani abdicated the throne in 1895. Hawaii was eventually annexed as a Territory by the United States, which probably was the goal all along.

Money rules.

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1964 – Dr. Strangelove premieres.

Dr. Strangelove: Or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb was a comedy about nuclear destruction. As the New Yorker magazine aptly put it, the movie focused on a deranged American general who takes it upon himself to launch a nuclear strike against Russia in order to protect the “purity of our precious bodily fluids.”

If that brief summary alone doesn’t make you want to watch the movie, I don’t know what would.

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Birthdays:

1737 – Thomas Paine.

Writer and philosopher at the time of the American Revolution. His pamphlet “Common Sense” first advocated in print the idea of independence and was wildly popular throughout the colonies. He spoke of the egalitarian rights of all people and how America would be a beacon for all mankind. He wrote in a simple, eloquent manner that people not versed in law or politics could understand. He supplied the passion for the revolution. John Adams wrote: “Without the pen of the author of Common Sense, the sword of Washington would have been raised in vain.”

During the war, Paine wrote the “Crisis” papers in which he penned the famous words “These are the times that test men’s souls.” In France, supporting the French Revolution, he wrote “Rights of Man,” and finally, bringing down upon himself the ire of American evangelists, he produced “Age of Reason.” The pamphlet argued for reason and free thought as opposed to institutionalized religion. He fell into disfavor and there were only six mourners at his funeral.

If I was engaged in a past life at that time, I hope I was one of them.

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1867 – Vicente Blasco Ibáñez.

Spanish writer, politician and journalist best known for his novel, “The Four Horseman of the Apocalypse.” He had a law degree but never practiced. He pursued other interests instead, literature, journalism and women among them. His politics and love affairs left him with many enemies and he was once shot. He was a militant Republican and in one of his books he wrote that the workers should unite to fight their true oppressors, the Catholic Church and wealthy landowners. He died in 1928, before the Spanish Civil War began.

If they had lived at the same time, I think their politics and writing would have made Paine and Ibáñez friends.

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1891 – R. Norris Williams.

Tennis player who won titles at both Wimbledon and the U.S. Open. He was also a survivor of the sinking of the Titanic. He was traveling with his father to America to take part in some tennis tournaments when the ship struck the iceberg. In the panic that followed Williams broke down a cabin door to free a trapped passenger. An irate steward told him he was going to have to pay for the broken door. As the ship sank Williams and his father jumped into the icy water and swam away. A collapsing funnel from the ship crushed his father and many other swimmers. The wave created by the funnel washed him toward a life raft. After he was rescued a doctor recommended his nearly frozen legs should be amputated. Williams refused to allow it, and through exercise made a full recovery and went on to become a tennis champion.

Heck of a story, and there is no record of the White Star Line billing him for the broken cabin door.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following websites:

OnThisDay.com

Wikipedia.org

History.com

We’d also thank to the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Lead-In Image (Thomas Paine) – Guy Erwood / Shutterstock.com; “Modern statue of Thomas Paine, a Founding Father of the USA, in his birthplace of Thetford, Norfolk, England.”

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* Queen Liliuokalani (video) – American Experience, PBS &  Sayyid Muhammad / YouTube.com

* Dr. Strangelove (video) – Toby Roby / YouTube.com

* Thomas Paine (lecture) – hitch archive / Shutterstock.com

* “People Who Survived The Titanic” (video) – TopTenz/ Youtube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 5

* December 11

* December 16

December 18 

* December 22

December 28

January 3

* January 4

January 7

January 11

* January 14

* January 15

January 19

January 22

January 24

February 1

February 5

February 9

* February 15

February 20

* February 25

March 2

March 9

March 14

March 19

* March 23

March 29

April 3

April 13

April 18

April 23

April 28

May 2

May 6

May 10

May 15

May 19

* May 26

June 1

June 8

June 13

June 18

June 24

June 29

July 3

July 9

* July 13

July 17

July 23

July 30

* August 3

August 10

August 16

August 21

August 25

* August 31

September 5

September 11

September 16

September 21

September 25

September 30

October 7

October 12

October 16

October 25

October 30

November 4

* November 5

November 8

November 9

November 14

* November 19

November 23

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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