pablo neruda - art - mark designers - Shutterstock

This Day in History – July 12th – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… JULY 12

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1917 – Bisbee Deportation.

Copper mining was at its zenith in Arizona and mining companies such as Phelps Dodge were reaping huge profits because of WWI. A strike, led by the I.W.W (International Workers of the World), took place at the Phelps Dodge mine. Safety was at issue more than wages. The mining company and the Cochise County sheriff organized a “posse” of 2,000 armed men. It was called the Citizens Protective League. In the middle of the night they rounded up over 1,300 strikers. The next day the strikers were loaded onto boxcars and taken 200 miles to Hermanas, New Mexico and abandoned there without food or money. Phelps Dodge seized control of the press and telegraph so word of the deportation was slow to leak out. It was only after the governor of New Mexico offered humanitarian aid and asked the federal government for assistance did it become more widely known.

Phelps Dodge justified its actions by saying it was for the war effort. A presidential commission later declared what the Citizens Protective League had done was illegal, but no charges were ever brought against anyone. When the county sheriff explained his actions he said, “I have no statute that I had in mind. Perhaps everything that I did wasn’t legal….It became a question of ‘Are you American, or are you not?’”

Then, as now, just about anything can be justified by patriotism. And those reaping the huge profits are usually behind the flag-waving justification.

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1951 – Cicero, Illinois, riot.

In June, Harvey Clark, an African-American WWII veteran, rented an apartment in a white neighborhood in Cicero. When he attempted to move in, a van carrying his furniture was stopped by the police. Clark was threatened with arrest and a detective said to him, “I’ll bust your damned head if you don’t move.” The chief of police said, “Get out of here fast. There will be no moving into this building.” He was also struck a number of times and another cop said, “Get out of Cicero and don’t come back in town or you’ll get a bullet through you.”

The NCAAP filed suit on his behalf and Clark and his family moved into the building. A white mob gathered the evening of the 11th and attacked the building. The police at the scene did little to stop them. The rioting continued until July 14th when Governor Adlai Stevenson ordered in the National Guard. No rioters were indicted. Instead charges were brought, by Cook County, against a lawyer for the NAACP, the owner of the apartment building, and a rental agent, for inciting a riot. Widespread criticism forced the charges to be dropped.

1966 – Chicago Uprising.

Also known as the West Side Riots. The incident began when fire hydrants were opened in a African-American neighborhood and kids played in the water. When police moved to turn off the hydrants, residents complained that hydrants in a nearby Italian neighborhood were left open. Police pursued a man opening a hydrant and a mob surrounded and protected him. The mob grew, a liquor store was looted, and rioting began. It continued for three days and eventually the National Guard was mobilized in order to quell the disorder. Two people were killed in the rioting, scores more injured, and hundreds arrested. Mayor Daly did not label it a riot, he called it “juvenile disturbances.”

1967 – Newark riots.

On the night of July 12th, a black cab driver was pulled from his cab, beaten, arrested, and charged with assaulting a police officer and making insulting remarks. Rumors spread that he had been beaten to death, crowds formed, and confrontations began between protestors and police. Rioting, looting, and burning of buildings and cars continued for five days. Again the National Guard was called in to aid the police. The toll was 26 killed, over 700 injured, almost 1,500 arrests, and millions of dollars in property damage.

As often stated, one thing leads to another.

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Birthdays:

1904 – Pablo Neruda.

Nobel Prize winning poet. Born in a remote area of Chile, Neruda’s talent was recognized when he was a youth by another Chilean Nobel laureate, Gabriela Mistral, who would help school him. Neruda moved to Santiago to continue his education and began to publish poems. Latin America had the custom of sending its accomplished poets abroad as consuls or ambassadors, and once Neruda’s reputation grew, he was sent to the Far East. There he continued to write poems and met with some of his greatest success. Later he was a consul in Spain and was there when the Spanish Civil War broke out. While there he became political for the first time in his life, and turned into a lifelong communist. When Franco had his friend, and fellow poet, Garcia Lorca executed, Neruda threw his support behind the Spanish Republic. Neruda fled Spain after the fascists won and was consul in Mexico.

When he returned to Chile he served as a senator for the Chilean Communist Party. Communism was outlawed in Chile in 1948, a warrant was issued for his arrest, and he escaped to Argentina. He returned again when Allende became president of Chile. This was shortly after he had won his Nobel prize. Neruda was under treatment for cancer at the time General Pinochet’s military coup overthrew the Allende government. Neruda died the next day and the official cause was listed as heart failure. It has long been suspected that Pinochet forces had something to do with his death. Pinochet forbid a public funeral for Neruda but many thousands of Chileans filled the streets anyway.

Lorca and Franco. Neruda and Pinochet. Seems dictators and poets don’t mix all that well. Glad I’m not a poet.

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1925 – Roger Smith.

CEO of General Motors from 1981 to 1990.

He was the Roger of a funny documentary called “Roger and Me.”

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1997 – Malala Yousafzai.

Nobel Peace Prize winner. She is the youngest to ever win the esteemed prize. As a child she lived in an area of Pakistan where the controlling Taliban had banned the education of girls. At age 12 she wrote a blog, using a pseudonym, and actively stood up against the Taliban. However the Taliban tracked her down, and while on a bus returning from an exam, she was shot in the face. Miraculously, she survived, and after a number of surgeries, recovered to full health.

Since her recovery, Malala has continued to speak out for education for girls. She has made many public appearances and spoke at the UN where she advocated for worldwide education. While she is admired throughout the world, there is criticism of her in her home country of Pakistan. She is called “an agent of the West” and is a threat to those who want to continue the oppression of women. Currently, Malala Yousafzai has founded the Malala Fund, which has a stated mission of investing in education programs to help girls go to school and reach their full potential.

What a dangerous and radical position. No wonder some perceive her as a threat. But an assassination attempt? You would think that when your god is telling you to shoot a teenage girl in the face you might have some questions… Nah, there’s no limit to how low the bar can be set when it comes to religious zealotry.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

OnThisDay.com

BlackPast.org

Wikipedia.org

PoetryFoundation.org

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Lead-In Image (Pablo Neruda art)  – mark designers / Shutterstock.com – “Pablo Neruda(1904-1973) Chilean poet diplomat and politician Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair, He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971, pablo neruda vector image.”

pablo neruda - art - full - mark designers - Shutterstock

* Pablo Neruda (video) – novella breit / YouTube.com

* Flint, Michigan (video) – Rebel Media / YouTube.com

Malala Yousafzai (video) – Malala Fund / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 2

* December 5

* December 9

December 11

December 12

* December 15

December 16

December 18 

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 28

* December 30

* January 3

January 4

January 6

January 7

January 10

* January 11

* January 14

January 15

January 16

January 19

January 21

January 22

January 24

January 25

January 29

January 30

February 1

February 3 

February 5

February 6

* February 9

* February 10

* February 11

February 14

February 15

February 18

February 20

February 21

February 24

February 25

February 28

March 2

March 3

March 6

March 9

March 10

March 12

* March 14

March 16

March 17

March 19

March 20

March 21

March 23

March 26

March 27

March 29

March 31

April 2

April 3

April 6

April 7

April 11

* April 12

April 13

April 18

April 19

April 22

April 23

April 25

April 28

April 29

May 2

May 3

* May 4

May 6

May 8

May 9

May 10

May 13

* May 17

May 18

May 19

May 23

* May 24

May 26

* May 28

May 29

June 1

June 2

June 3

June 8

June 9

June 10

June 15

June 17

June 18

June 19

June 21

June 23

June 24

June 28

June 29

June 30

July 2

* July 3

* July 6

July 13

July 15

July 19

July 23

July 25

July 30

July 31

* August 3

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 16

August 17

August 21

August 24

August 25

* August 28

August 31

September 2

September 5

September 6

September 8

September 11

September 12

September 15

September 16 

September 17

September 21

September 23

September 24

September 25

September 28

September 30

October 1

October 3

October 7

October 10

October 12

October 14

* October 16

October 18

October 24

October 25

October 27

October 28

October 30

November 3

* November 4

November 5

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 13

November 14

November 16

* November 17

November 19

November 20

November 23

November 28

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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