john jacob astor iv funeral

This Day in History – July 13th – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… JULY 13

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1787 – Northwest Ordinance passed.

This established the Northwest Territory. The states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota were eventually added to the Union because of this ordinance. It documented the process for admitting new states and guaranteed they have the same rights as the original thirteen. From History.com: “The ordinance provided for civil liberties and public education within the new territories, but did not allow slavery. Pro-slavery Southerners were willing to go along with this because they hoped that the new states would be populated by white settlers from the South. They believed that although these Southerners would have no slaves of their own, they would not join the growing abolition movement of the North.”

Miscalculation by the pro-slavery advocates assuming people from a warmer climate would want to settle in the harsher environment of the north. Maybe our nation would look different now if global warming had begun earlier.

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1832 – Source of Mississippi River discovered.

lake itasca

Minnesota state history was taught in 6th grade when I was a kid and we all dutifully learned that Henry Rowe Schoolcraft discovered the source of the great river as Lake Itasca.

Crossing the headwaters of the Mississippi was a popular tourist activity at Itasca State Park. Below is a picture of me (circa 1955) going to the rescue of my sister, Mary, as she encountered difficulty navigating the rocks.

gary jenneke photo

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1900 – Battle of Tientsin.

This battle took place during what is known at the Boxer Rebellion. In small villages throughout China a populist movement grew that was called the Society of Righteous Harmony. Their symbol was a clenched fist and they practiced martial arts and thus became known to westerners as the Boxers. The Boxers resented western influence in China, especially the influx of Christian missionaries. The Chinese government felt the same but was forced to submit to the various foreign powers occupying Peking.

The rebellion began in rural areas with the Boxers killing missionaries. Westerners and missionaries fled to Peking where they took refuge. The Chinese government, seeing its chance, deployed its army to join the Boxers. Peking was held under siege.

A multi-nation relief force of 7,000 soldiers from Russia, Japan, the U.S., Britain, France, Germany, and Austria marched toward Peking. They met the combined Boxer/Army forces at Tienstin and expected an easy victory. Instead Chinese resistance was fierce and the foreign soldiers suffered heavy casualties before winning the battle. American casualties were 25 killed and 98 wounded. One of those trapped within the Tienstin city walls was future President Herbert Hoover. A mining engineer, he assisted the U.S. Marines during the attack.

The Boxers melted back into the countryside, the Chinese army was defeated, Peking was relieved, and colonialism continued.

25 American dead. Brave Americans who died protecting Christian missionaries. To state they were advancing the cause of imperialism might be sounding too callous, albeit accurate.

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Birthdays:

1793 – John Clare. English poet.

From Jonathan Bates, his biographer. “Clare was the greatest labouring-class poet that England has ever produced. No one has ever written more powerfully of nature, of a rural childhood, and of the alienated and unstable self.” Born in poverty, a farm laborer, he nevertheless educated himself. According to Wikipedia.org: “He enlisted in the militia, tried camp life with Gypsies and worked as a lime burner in 1817. In the following year he was obliged to accept parish relief. Malnutrition stemming from childhood may be the main culprit behind his 5-foot stature and may have contributed to his poor physical health in later life.”

Clare married, had seven children, and struggled with poverty and alcoholism. He was also torn between his dual love of nature and the literary circles of London. He suffered from delusions, believing he had two wives, was a prize fighter, and also claimed to be Lord Byron. He finally committed himself to an asylum for treatment. Wikipedia.org mentions a comment his doctor wrote about him: “It is most singular that ever since he came… the moment he gets pen or pencil in hand he begins to write most poetical effusions. Yet he has never been able to obtain in conversation, nor even in writing prose, the appearance of sanity for two minutes or two lines together, and yet there is no indication of insanity in any of his poetry.”

Another new name to add to my reading list.

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1864 – John Jacob Astor IV.

Astor built the Astoria hotel, next to the Waldorf, which was owned by his cousin, William Waldorf Astor. (So that’s where the Waldorf-Astoria name comes from.) Astor had other real estate holdings in New York City. In 1911 he divorced his first wife and at age 47, married a young woman who at 18 was a year younger than his son. They traveled abroad to escape the gossip. They bought first class tickets aboard the Titanic to return to America. After the collision with the iceberg they lounged in the gym at first, not unduly alarmed. Later his wife entered a lifeboat but Astor was prevented from joining her by a crew member. His body was recovered at sea a week later.

“It was sad, it was sad, when that great ship went down;
“Husbands and their wives, little children lost their lives;
“It was sad when that great ship went down.”

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1942 – Roger McGuinn. Rock and roll musician. Co-founder, lead singer and lead guitarist of the Byrds, the group which in 1965 popularized Bob Dylan’s song “Mr. Tambourine Man.”

I was 21 years old and sitting at a bus stop bench in downtown Los Angeles. I had 500 dollars and a passport in my pockets. My friend Darrold was picking me up and our goal was to drive cross-continent to Montreal, picking up another friend, Rick, on the way. Once there we hoped to sign aboard a freighter and work our way across the Atlantic to Europe. I was having some sudden misgivings, wondering if this whole thing was a bad idea.

A teenage kid sat at the other end of the bench with a transistor radio. A song was playing that caught my attention.

“Yes, to dance beneath the diamond sky with one hand waving free;
“Silhouetted by the sea, circled by the circus sands;
“With all memory and fate driven deep beneath the waves;
“Let me forget about today until tomorrow.”

All my anxiety disappeared upon hearing that song, replaced with a confident sense of adventure. Thank you Roger, thank you Bob, thank you Mr. Tambourine Man, for launching me into the most memorable summer of my life.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

Northwest Ordinance – History.com

John Clare – Wikipedia.org

OnThisDay.com

BritainsSmallWars.co.uk

LOC.gov (Library of Congress)

History.com

Wikipedia.org

Roger McGuinn / Mr. Tambourine Lyrics – BobDylan.com

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Lead-In Image (stock photo) – Everett Historical / Shutterstock.com – “The funeral of John Jacob Astor IV who died in the sinking of the Titanic New York.”

john jacob astor iv embed

* Northwest Ordinance (video) – Keith Hughes / YouTube.com

* Lake Itasca (photo) – Tomaz Kunst / Shutterstock.com

* Battle of Tientsin (video) – Chubachus / YouTube.com

* John Clare (video) – Peter Borenius / YouTube.com

* “Titanic” (Pete Seeger song) – Eric-raVen Wander / YouTube.com

* “Mr. Tambourine Man” (The Byrds) – aukwanho / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 2

* December 5

* December 9

December 11

December 12

* December 15

December 16

December 18 

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 28

* December 30

* January 3

January 4

January 6

January 7

January 10

* January 11

* January 14

January 15

January 16

January 19

January 21

January 22

January 24

January 25

January 29

January 30

February 1

February 3 

February 5

February 6

* February 9

* February 10

* February 11

February 14

February 15

February 18

February 20

February 21

February 24

February 25

February 28

March 2

March 3

March 6

March 9

March 10

March 12

* March 14

March 16

March 17

March 19

March 20

March 21

March 23

March 26

March 27

March 29

March 31

April 2

April 3

April 6

April 7

April 11

* April 12

April 13

April 18

April 19

April 22

April 23

April 25

April 28

April 29

May 2

May 3

* May 4

May 6

May 8

May 9

May 10

May 13

* May 17

May 18

May 19

May 23

* May 24

May 26

* May 28

May 29

June 1

June 2

June 3

June 8

June 9

June 10

June 15

June 17

June 18

June 19

June 21

June 23

June 24

June 28

June 29

June 30

July 2

* July 3

July 6

July 12

July 15

July 19

July 23

July 25

July 30

July 31

* August 3

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 16

August 17

August 21

August 24

August 25

* August 28

August 31

September 2

September 5

September 6

September 8

September 11

September 12

September 15

September 16 

September 17

September 21

September 23

September 24

September 25

September 28

September 30

October 1

October 3

October 7

October 10

October 12

October 14

* October 16

October 18

October 24

October 25

October 27

October 28

October 30

November 3

* November 4

November 5

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 13

November 14

November 16

* November 17

November 19

November 20

November 23

November 28

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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