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This Day in History – June 10th – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… JUNE 10

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1540 – Thomas Cromwell arrested.

Cromwell was one of the most skillful political manipulators and power brokers of all time. He worked his way up through Parliament, military, and the royal court until he was the right hand man of King Henry VIII. Whenever Henry became bored with a wife, Cromwell was there to make the Queen “disappear.” He protested against the pope and the Catholic Church and was instrumental in creating the Church of England. It could be argued that he helped establish the church so it could annul the king’s marriage to Anne Boleyn, who was eventually charged with treason and beheaded. Cromwell began to fall out of favor with the king when the marriage he arranged for him with Anne of Cleves of Germany was a spectacular disaster. His political enemies used this to gain their own favor with the king. He was charged with treason and executed by beheading, the same fate he had been responsible for inflicting upon so many others.

The ultimate fixer. But what goes around comes around, as a certain current fixer is probably starting to figure out.

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1940 – Norway surrenders to Germany.

Despite Norway declaring its neutrality, Germany attacked it two months earlier. The outmatched Norwegian forces were quickly overwhelmed. They were also sabotaged from within by a fifth column of internal fascist forces led by Vidkun Quisling, a former Norwegian minister of defense. Quisling was set up by the Nazis as head of a puppet government but resistance against him remained strong. Norway’s underground resistance movement against the Nazis was especially effective.

After the war Quisling was arrested, tried and shot. In a number of languages the word “quisling” now translates into “traitor.”

That’s quite a legacy to leave behind.

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1945 – USS William D. Porter sunk.

The destroyer was sunk by a kamikaze during the battle for Okinawa. The “Willie Dee,” as her crew named her, was also called the unluckiest ship in the Navy. Commissioned in 1943, she had a history of doing the wrong thing. Among her misdeeds, she backed into another ship causing extensive damage, she accidentally discharged a five-inch gun with the shell landing on a Navy commander’s lawn, and she shot down three American planes and shelled another destroyer. But most significantly she also almost killed President Roosevelt.

FDR was on the battleship USS Iowa, on his way to Casablanca to meet with Churchill. The Willie Dee was one of the escort ships. The mission was top secret of course, and radio silence was to be maintained. During gunnery practice the Willie Dee somehow fired a fully armed torpedo directly at the Iowa. Frantic, the Willie Dee broke radio silence to warn the Iowa to take evasive action, which it did, and the president was saved.

Infuriated, the Navy wanted to cashier the entire crew but FDR intervened, saving them. The joke in the Navy after the incident, whenever the Willie Dee or its crew was seen, became “Don’t shoot, we’re Republicans.”

Luck finally went Willie Dee’s way at Okinawa, sort of. A kamikaze, attempting to crash into the ship, missed. Instead it crashed next to the ship, and sunk. But then its bomb went off anyway, underneath the ship. The explosion lifted the Willie Dee out of the water and ruptured its hull. Despite damage control efforts, the ship had to be abandoned and it sank. The luck? Well, the entire crew survived and was rescued; there wasn’t a single casualty.

If I had been in the Navy at that time, somehow I have the feeling I would have been assigned to the William D. Porter.

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Birthdays:

1637 – Jacques Marquette.

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French explorer and Jesuit missionary. Fluent in six Native American languages, Marquette founded Sault Ste. Marie and St. Ignace, Michigan. He teamed up with Louis Joliet to explore the upper Mississippi valley. Joliet’s intent was to trade for furs and map the region while Marquette’s was to convert the natives to Christianity. (At least they combined for one noble endeavor.) Marquette established a mission in Green Bay and later camped for a winter at a site that now is Chicago. Weakened by dysentery, Marquette was on his way back to St. Ignace when he died at age thirty-seven. Marquette’s legacy is that he has many towns, counties, and even one university named after him.

We even have Marquette Avenue in Minneapolis.

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1865 – Frederick Cook.

Arctic Explorer. Cook may or may not have been the first man to reach the North Pole. He was a physician and one time associate of Robert Peary, who also may or may not have been the first man to reach the North Pole. Since the North Pole is a shifting mass of ice and open water, no flag could be planted to offer proof. Cook claimed to reach the pole in April 1908, almost a full year before Peary’s 1909 claim. Peary, with superior financial backing, spent considerable effort discrediting Cook’s claim. Hurting Cook’s case was that he also claimed to have been the first to scale Mt. McKinley, and this too was doubted. Eventually Peary was credited with being first and Cook a fraud. There are some modern day findings that now favor Cook but the issue nevertheless remains controversial.

The fact that Peary was a self-promoter and in it for the fame and fortune, and Cook had more of a scientific bent makes me want to favor Cook. But I’ll guess we’ll never know.

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1959 – Eliot Spitzer.

Attorney General, Governor of New York and hypocrite of the highest order. A relentless crusader against crime, he was forced to resign when his activities involving a prostitution ring were uncovered.

About the best thing that could be said about Spitzer was at least his name wasn’t Anthony Weiner.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

TheAnneBoleynFiles.com

History.com

OnThisDay.com 

TaskAndPurpose.com 

Wikipedia.org

Biography.com 

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We’d like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Lead-In Image (Black Raven)  – AnnHirna / Shutterstock.com -“Closeup portrait of sitting black raven in the Tower of London, UK.”

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* Thomas Cromwell (video) – Rebel Media / YouTube.com

* Operation Weserübung (video) – Military History Visualized / YouTube.com

* USS William D. Porter (video) – Drachinifel / YouTube.com

* Jacques Marquette (engraving) – Sergey Kohl / YouTube.com – “Old engravings. Shows the Father Marquette National Memorial. The book “History of the Church”, circa 1880.”

* Frederick Cook, “The Truth About The North Pole” (1911 movie) – Change Before Going Productions / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 5

* December 11

* December 16

December 18 

* December 22

December 28

January 3

* January 4

January 7

January 11

* January 14

* January 15

January 19

January 22

January 24

January 29

February 1

February 3

February 5

February 9

* February 10

* February 14

February 15

February 20

February 21

February 25

February 28

March 2

March 6

March 9

March 12

March 14

March 17

March 19

March 21

March 23

March 27

March 29

April 2

April 3

April 6

April 11

* April 13

April 18

April 22

April 23

April 28

April 29

May 2

May 3

May 6

May 9

May 10

May 13

May 17

* May 24

May 26

May 29

June 1

June 3

* June 8

June 13

June 18

June 24

June 29

July 3

July 9

* July 13

July 17

July 23

July 30

* August 3

August 10

August 16

August 21

August 25

* August 31

September 5

September 11

September 16

September 21

September 25

September 30

October 7

October 12

October 16

October 25

October 30

November 4

* November 5

November 8

November 9

November 14

* November 19

November 23

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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