NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.
You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.
THIS DAY IN HISTORY… NOVEMBER 30
1487 – German Beer Purity Law passed.
Reinheitsgebot, as later versions of this law became known, regulated what ingredients could be used in the making of beer. The law stipulated that only barley, hops, and water could be used to make beer.
This law has been in place for 530 years, or 517 years longer than the Thousand-Year Reich. The world would have been better off if Germany had stuck to just making beer.
1753 – Benjamin Franklin awarded Copley Medal.
The Royal Society of England gave out this medal for scientific achievement. It was the Nobel Prize of its era. Franklin received the medal for his work on electricity.
From USHistory.org: “Franklin showed that electricity consisted of a ‘common element’ which he named ‘electric fire.’ Further, electricity was ‘fluid’ like a liquid. It passed from one body to another.”
And of course there was Franklin’s famous kite experiment proving electricity and lightening were the same. It led to his invention of the lightening rod.
Science has always moved us forward, despite those who resist it. No doubt Franklin had his detractors also, those who ridiculed him for his kite experiment. But no matter those who deny science, the lightening rod is still in use in today’s world… and the oceans are still rising.
1967 – Eugene McCarthy announces candidacy for President.
The senator from Minnesota challenged the President from his own party in the primaries. McCarthy was opposed to the Vietnam War and frustrated by America’s continued involvement there. Pundits and the press dismissed his chances but young people (Clean for Gene) rallied behind him, and he did well in the early primaries. Enough so that LBJ decided not to run for re-election. McCarthy’s success also prompted Bobby Kennedy to get into the race.
After Kennedy’s assassination Hubert Humphrey, also from Minnesota, won the nomination. At that time primary results did not automatically translate into delegates at the convention. Many Democrats felt disenfranchised by the results of the tumultuous convention in Chicago, and Humphrey ended up losing the election to Richard Nixon. The party changed its nominating rules after that, to try make the process fairer.
Given the results of the last go round, with super-delegates and what not, the Democrats still haven’t gone far enough. How does that go: “If you don’t learn from history you are bound to repeat it.”
1810 – Oliver Winchester.
An American businessman who purchased a floundering firearms company and became successful manufacturing the Winchester repeating rifle. It has been labeled the “gun that won the West.” From WinchesterGuns.com: “Oliver Fisher Winchester was an innovative and driven man who saw the future of firearms.” (I wonder if he foresaw the carnage of Las Vegas, Sutherland Springs, Orlando, Sandy Hook…)
Winchester died in 1880 and his son, William, inherited the business. He died only months later. William’s wife believed the family was cursed by the spirits of those killed by the rifle.
There’s a lot more spirits to do the cursing now.
1874 – Winston Churchill.
Prominent British statesman and twice Prime Minister of England. He famously led, and rallied, England during the darkest hours of WWII. He inspired that nation to stand up against the Nazi onslaught. Before the war he had a somewhat checkered and erratic career. In WWI, as First Lord of the Admiralty, he was the architect of the disastrous Gallipoli campaign. He somehow left the stain of that slaughter behind and went on to become one of the world’s greatest and best known leaders of the twentieth century.
Awareness comes to a child in stages, at least it did to me. First of self, next of family, extended family, and then the ever expanding world. As my education progressed and awareness grew, one of the first names I remember hearing from the international stage was Churchill. Because of the way his name was spoken I assumed he must be a great man. My first impression wasn’t wrong.
1924 – Shirley Chisholm.
First African-American woman elected to Congress. Chisholm served from 1969 to 1983 representing the 12th District of New York. Also, in 1972, she was the first woman to run for the presidential nomination for the Democratic Party. During the primaries she received criticism for visiting segregationist George Wallace in the hospital after he was shot. Later Wallace used his influence among Southern Representatives to help her pass a law requiring minimum wage for domestic workers. After her political career was over she lectured at colleges. Included in her themes were polarization and intolerance: she said “if you don’t accept others who are different, it means nothing that you’ve learned calculus.”
A lesson it seems, that we as a nation are still sadly resisting.
While in office, all of Chisholm’s staff were women, and half of those were black. Chisholm stated that during her political career she faced more discrimination because she was a woman than because she was black.
And now add sexual harassment to the challenges a woman faces in those hallowed halls of Congress.
ABOUT GARY JENNEKE
At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.
You can reach him at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.
Benjamin Franklin – USHistory.org
Oliver Winchester – www.winchesterguns.com
Shirley Chisholm – JoFreeman.com
We’d also thank to the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:
* Lead-In Image (Billy The Kid portrait) – Everett Historical / Shutterstock.com – “’Franklin’s Experiment, June 1752,’ Benjamin Franklin demonstrating the identity of lightning and electricity from which he invented the lightning rod, painting by Currier & Ives, 1876.”
* Beer purity (photo) – Carso80 / YouTube.com – “Munich, Germany – June 4, 2015: Maypole at Viktualienmarkt with a colored figure and the signs of the Munich beers to remind of the German purity law.”
* Electricity, Electricity (song) – Schoolhouse Rock and Nuclear Energy Institute / Shutterstock.com
* Eugene McCarthy and RFK Debate (video) – ABC, C-SPAN and electionwalldotorg / YouTube.com
* Oliver Winchester (video) – History.com & Tony Piercy / YouTube.com
* Secrets Of Leadership: Churchill (video) – BBC & Dr Alan Brown / YouTube.com
* Shirley Chisholm (poster) – Library of Congress
* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com
OTHER DAYS IN HISTORIES…
* March 2
* March 9
* March 14
* March 19
* March 23
* March 29
* April 3
* April 13
* April 18
* April 23
* April 28
* May 2
* May 6
* May 10
* May 15
* May 19
* May 26
* June 1
* June 8
* June 13
* June 18
* June 24
* June 29
* July 3
* July 9
* July 13
* July 17
* July 23
* July 30
* August 3
* Stay tuned for more!