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This Day in History – September 2nd – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… SEPTEMBER 2

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1192 – The Third Crusade comes to an end.

Sultan Saladin and Richard the Lion-Hearted sign a treaty. King Richard, King Phillip II of France, and German emperor Barbarossa led this crusade. Barbarossa died in a river crossing attempt and then most of his grief stricken German soldiers returned home. The remaining forces conquered some Muslim held cities but failed in their attempt to re-take Jerusalem. This led to a truce where Saladin kept the city but Christian pilgrims and merchants were allowed to visit. Not a lasting solution however, for the Third Crusade was followed by Crusades Four through Nine.

Some might say we are embarked on the Tenth Crusade right now.

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1864 – Yankees occupy Atlanta.

Atlanta was a railroad hub in addition to being an important supply and industrial center for the Confederacy. After a six-week battle and siege, Confederate General Hood pulled his troops from Atlanta. The retreating Rebels destroyed supply depots and also set fire to railroad cars carrying ammunition. The resulting explosions along with Union artillery led to the burning and destruction of a large portion of Atlanta. On September 3rd General Sherman sent a telegram to Washington D.C. reading “Atlanta is ours, and fairly won.” The victory was as important politically as it was militarily. Former Union General George McClellan was Lincoln’s opponent in the presidential race. He campaigned in the war weary North on a peace platform, offering a truce to the South. Atlanta’s fall signaled the beginning of the final victory for the North and boosted Lincoln’s campaign.

It’s difficult to consider that Lincoln, with the great reverence in which he is held today, had to actually worry about winning a second term.

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1901 – “Speak softly and carry a big stick.”

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Vice President Teddy Roosevelt uttered those words in a speech he gave before a full grandstand at the Minnesota State Fair. Here are a few excerpts from the speech in which the words were spoken.

“A good many of you are probably acquainted with the old proverb, ‘Speak softly and carry a big stick – you will go far.’ If a man continually blusters, if he lacks civility, a big stick will not save him from trouble.”

“There are few beings more obnoxious than the man who is always loudly boasting, and if the boaster is not prepared to back up his words, his position becomes absolutely contemptible. It is both foolish and undignified to indulge in undue self-glorification, and, above all, in loose-tongued denunciation of other peoples.

One has to wonder if, with some kind of psychic foresight, #26 was addressing #45.

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Birthdays:

1821 – Yang Xiuqing.

Organizer and commander during the Taipang Rebellion. The rebellion was a large civil war in China from 1850 to 1864. It is believed to be the most destructive civil war ever with the estimated death toll ranging from twenty to seventy million. Yang was a leader in a movement called the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom that was fighting against the Qing Dynasty. The Heavenly Kingdom was a Christian sect formerly known as the God Worshiping Society and they had been persecuted by the Qing’s. Their leader was Hong Xiuquan who believed himself to be a younger brother of Jesus Christ. Yang was no slouch himself, intermittently being struck deaf and mute, and then miraculously cured by his beliefs. He also claimed that God spoke to him. It’s not surprising that this all ended rather badly. Hong and Yang had a falling out over whether or not the beliefs of Confucius were compatible with theirs, and if images of dragons were sacrilegious. Yang also wanted to be called “Ten Thousand Years.” This culminated with Hong’s forces killing Yang and his family. Hong later died of food poisoning and the rebellion fell apart.

Quite a cast of characters. As a semi-serious student of history, this is one I’ve never heard of before.

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1918 – Martha Mitchell.

Wife of John Mitchell, Attorney General under Richard Nixon. At the time of the Watergate Scandal, she was a woman about town in Washington, and was also very opinionated and therefore a popular guest on TV talk shows. Nixon believed she was such a distraction to John Mitchell that he wasn’t doing his job, and said in a later interview, “If it hadn’t been for Martha Mitchell, there would have been no Watergate.” She was critical of liberals and communists but when she began commenting on “dirty tricks” within the Republican Reelection Committee, Nixon had rumors spread that she had a drinking problem. At one point, while she was in a hotel room talking on the phone to reporter Helen Thomas, a security guard rushed in and ripped the phone from the wall. Then, according to Mitchell, he summoned a doctor and she was forcibly sedated. That security guard is now U.S. Ambassador to the Czech Republic. Why am I not surprised. The ambassador, Stephen King, has currently said that the reports on his role in Watergate are “mostly false.”

I am a bit surprised that there were no questions about that role during his confirmation hearing.

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1953 – Ahmad Shah Massoud.

Legendary anti-Soviet and anti-Taliban fighter in Afghanistan. He was called “the man who sees tomorrow.” He challenged the Taliban over its harsh religious restrictions and warned the West of the danger Osama Bin Laden posed. Two days before 9/11 he was killed in an Al Qaeda suicide attack.

Would have one charismatic leader made a difference in that troubled country and the war on terror? Probably not given that it’s Afghanistan.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

Third Crusade – Wikipedia.org 

OnThisDay.com

NationalGeographic.org 

StarTribune.com 

Timeline.com 

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

*  Lead-In Image – Everett Historical / Shutterstock.com – “President Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919), at his desk, 1907.”

* Third Crusade (video) – Jabzy / Youtube.com

* The Atlanta Campaign (video) – American Battlefield Trust / YouTube.com

* Teddy Roosevelt (1903 photo) – Everett Historical / YouTube.com

* Yang Xiuqing (video) – TopTenz / YouTube.com

* Martha Mitchell (video) – carlanthonyonline / YouTube.com

*Ahmad Shah Massoud (video) – ChiroccoDocument / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 5

* December 11

* December 16

December 18 

* December 22

December 28

January 3

* January 4

January 7

January 11

* January 14

* January 15

January 19

January 22

January 24

January 29

February 1

February 3

February 5

February 9

* February 10

* February 14

February 15

February 20

February 21

February 25

February 28

March 2

March 6

March 9

March 12

March 14

March 17

March 19

March 21

March 23

March 27

March 29

April 2

April 3

April 6

April 11

* April 13

April 18

April 22

April 23

April 28

April 29

May 2

May 3

May 6

May 9

May 10

May 13

May 17

* May 24

May 26

May 29

June 1

June 3

June 8

June 10

June 13

June 17

June 18

June 21

June 24

June 28

June 29

July 2

July 3

* July 9

July 13

July 15

July 19

July 23

July 25

July 30

July 31

* August 3

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 16

August 17

August 21

August 24

August 25

* August 28

* August 31

September 5

September 11

September 16

September 21

September 25

September 30

October 7

October 12

October 16

October 25

October 30

November 4

* November 5

November 8

November 9

November 14

* November 19

November 23

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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