This Day in History – August 1st – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… AUGUST 1

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1798 – Battle of the Nile.

For months the British Navy had been in search of a French expeditionary force in the Mediterranean Sea. Napoleon Bonaparte planned to conquer Egypt in a long range attempt to take over British India. The French fleet was anchored along the coast of Egypt in a strong defensive position when the British fleet, commanded by Admiral Horatio Nelson, discovered them. Nelson devised a daring battle plan with British ships sailing between the shore and the French fleet while also attacking from the sea. The battle began late in the day and continued into darkness. While some of Nelson’s ships were heavily damaged the French fleet was mostly captured with only a few ships escaping. The battle left Napoleon stranded and he eventually had to abandon Egypt and plans of further conquests.

Horatio Nelson became a huge hero in England and remains so to this day. In addition to being an inspiration to such writers as Patrick O’Brien and C.S. Forester.

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1842 – Lombard Street Riot.

There was a large population of free African-Americans living in south Philadelphia. They competed for the same bottom rung of the ladder jobs with recently arrived Irish immigrants. On August 1st about 1,000 Blacks paraded to celebrate the eighth anniversary of the abolition of slavery in West Indies. An Irish mob attacked them and three days of rioting followed. The mob burned African-American homes and was intent on reaching the home of Black leader Robert Purvis. He and his house were saved through the intervention of a Catholic priest. The mayor of Philadelphia refused to bring charges against any of the leaders of the rioters.

Racism as a strategy. As long as it exists those on the top rung of the ladder have less to worry about.

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1933 – Death penalty in Germany for anti-fascists.

This was listed as an event in onthisday.com but in doing research I was unable to find any specific facts about it. However given that the Nazis were the ultimate fascists and proceeded to kill millions, it certainly seems plausible. So this brings me to Antifa. Mention that word and hands are thrown up in horror. Fascism is a repressive form of government that controls the economy and society in whatever means necessary and eliminates any opposition. Antifa stands opposed to fascism. I hold that in higher regard than say, being Pro-fa.   

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Birthdays:

1770 – William Clark.

Explorer, soldiers, Indian agent. Clark was an officer in the U.S. Army and fought in Indian Wars in Kentucky. While in the army he met Meriwether Lewis. When Lewis, selected by President Jefferson to lead an expedition to explore the Pacific Northwest, asked Clark to share command with him, he accepted. An excellent mapmaker, Clark produced maps of the territory they traversed on their two year journey to the Oregon coast and back. Clark was a slaveholder and had a reputation for harsh treatment of his slaves. He brought a slave, York, on the expedition with him. After the expedition he remained in the army and served in the War of 1812. After the war he became Superintendent of Indian Affairs west of the Mississippi. Although he was said to be fair with Native Americans and sympathetic to their culture and plight, some said at the time too sympathetic, he also complied with President Andrew Jackson’s Indian removal policy, including extermination. When Sacagawea, who was an Indian woman who accompanied the Lewis and Clark Expedition and served as an interpreter, died, Clark took care of her children. He also allegedly had a Nez Perce son, conceived on the expedition. Clark married twice, one wife dying, and had eight children. He died in St. Louis in 1838 at age 68. 

Like so many famous figures in American history, the real man, while still accomplished and important, was more complicated. 

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1809 – William Travis.

Soldier, lawyer. Travis was commander of the Alamo when it fell under the onslaught of Mexican General Santa Anna. He was raised in Alabama and at age 18 became a teacher. Within a year he married one of his 16 year old students and had a child. He studied law and opened a practice and also published a newspaper. He did poorly at both and went far into debt. A court ordered him to be arrested. Promising his wife, pregnant with a second child, he’d send money (he never did) he fled to Texas. There he did better and set up a law practice and helped organize a militia to oppose Mexican rule. He was commissioned a Lt. Colonel in the new Texian army. When first ordered to reinforce the Alamo he considered disobeying. He wrote to his commander: “I am unwilling to risk my reputation … by going off into the enemy’s country with such little means, so few men, and with them so badly equipped.” However when Jim Bowie arrived at the Alamo with 30 men Travis followed with another 18. The men elected Bowie as commander angering Travis but when Bowie fell ill Travis took over. He was 26-years-old and in command of approximately 200 men when on March 6th, 1836, after a 13 day siege by several thousand Mexican soldiers, he died along with the entire Alamo garrison.

Ran out on his debts, abandoned a pregnant wife and child, yet is viewed as a hero, remembered for one act rather than the sum total. 

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1942 – Jerry Garcia.

Musician. Singer, songwriter, guitarist, Garcia is best known for his role with the Grateful Dead. Growing up in California with a single mom, his father having died in a drowning accident, he was a rebellious youth. He was already using drugs as a teenager and was introduced to music at the same time. He did a short stint in the army, receiving a general discharge for bad behavior. Throughout the early and middle sixties he began performing and met those who would form the nucleus of the Grateful Dead. The band stayed together for years and Garcia was on stage with them for 2,314 performances. The Grateful Dead came out of the drug induced psychedelic era of the Haight-Ashbury scene and lived at 710 Ashbury from 1966-1968. Garcia… died from a heart attack at a drug rehabilitation center in 1995.

They lived at 710 Ashbury…who knows, maybe I crossed paths with Jerry Garcia at some point during the Summer of Love.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

OnThisDay.com

HistoryToday.com

Wikipedia.org

PhilaPlace.org

Biography.com

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Lead-In Image (photo) – Photo by Dylan Mullins on Unsplash

* Jerry Garcia (video) – Alabaster Jones / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 2

December 3

December 5

December 8

* December 9

December 11

December 12

* December 13

* December 15

December 16

December 18

* December 19

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 25

December 28

January 1

January 3

* January 4

January 6

January 7

January 8

January 11

* January 12

* January 14

January 15

January 17

January 19

January 22

January 23

January 24

January 28

January 29

February 1

February 2

February 3

February 5

* February 9

February 10

* February 12

February 14

February 15

February 20

February 21

February 22

February 25

February 28

February 29

March 2

March 4

March 6

* March 9

March 11

March 12

March 14

March 15

March 17

March 19

March 21

March 22

March 23

March 27

March 28

March 29

April 2

April 3

April 4

April 6

April 9

* April 11

April 13

April 16

April 18

April 21

* April 22

April 23

April 26

April 28

April 29

May 1

May 2

* May 3

May 5

May 6

May 9

May 10

May 11

* May 13

May 16

May 17

* May 22

May 24

May 26

May 27

* May 28

May 29

May 31

June 1

June 3

June 4

June 8

June 10

June 11

June 13

June 16

June 17

June 18

June 20

June 21

June 25

June 27

June 28

June 29

July 1

July 2

July 3

July 5

July 9

July 11

July 13

July 15

July 19

July 21

July 23

* July 24

* July 28

July 29

July 30

* July 31

* August 2

* August 3

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 16

August 17

August 21

August 24

August 25

* August 28

August 31

September 2

September 5

September 6

September 8

September 11

September 12

September 15

September 16 

September 17

September 21

September 23

September 25

September 26

September 27

September 30

October 1

October 3

October 4

October 5

October 7

October 10

October 11

* October 12

October 14

October 15

October 16

October 18

October 20

October 24

October 25

October 26

October 27

October 30

October 31

November 1

November 3

* November 4

November 5

November 6

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 11

November 13

November 14

November 15

November 16

* November 17

November 18

* November 19

November 20

November 23

November 24

November 26

November 28

November 29

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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