old mcdonald signage - tishomir - Shutterstock

This Day in History – August 27th – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

***

NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

***

THIS DAY IN HISTORY… AUGUST 27

***

1928 – Kellogg-Briand Pact signed.

This pact renounced war as a way for nations to resolve disputes. The U.S., France, and Germany signed it on the 27th, and soon after many other nations followed suit. In all, sixty-two nations signed the agreement to end war. The pact was named after Secretary of State Frank Kellogg and French Foreign Minister Aristide Briand. Kellogg was a United States Senator from Minnesota before he became Secretary of State.

Ineffective, the pact did little to prevent the Second World War. It did however establish some legal bases that are still in place today, most notably “crimes against peace” which was used at the Nuremberg Trials to prosecute war criminals. It was also inspiration for the United Nations Charter.

If a failed experiment, it nevertheless was a noble idea. It has been widely ridiculed…but for what, its idealism? In the minds of some, justifying the need for war takes precedent over any search for peaceful solutions. The war drums always maintain a steady beat.

***

1945 – American troops occupy Japan.

The country had been retreating in defeat for two years, and now devastated by two atomic bombs, finally capitulated. The formal signing of surrender would take place on September 2nd.

My uncle, Wilmar “Buck” Jenneke was among those first troops to land in Japan. He came ashore at Nagasaki. A few short weeks earlier he had been in Hawaii. My father was stationed in the army there also. They managed to get together one evening for a few drinks…or more than a few. Their last words to one another that night were, “See you in Tokyo.” Aboard different ships, they set sail for Japan. Dad told me he was about halfway across the Pacific when the bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. Dad was in artillery and it must have been decided they no longer would be needed. His ship did a u-turn, headed back to Hawaii, and his war was over. Uncle Buck continued onward, to Nagasaki, where the second bomb had been dropped.

At a family gathering one time, I asked him about it. He said, “Gary, you can’t imagine the devastation, there was absolutely nothing left.” Buck, a robust, healthy man, lived into his nineties. From his army outfit he was one of the rare, and lucky, ones. As the years went by, many in his unit suffered from various illnesses and different forms of cancer. The radiation they marched through on their entry into Nagasaki was an unknown, and deadly, enemy. There’s a line about the Vietnam War and Agent Orange that applies here also. “I got killed in [Vietnam] and didn’t even know it.”

***

2008 – Barack Obama nominated for president.

After winning enough delegates in the primaries, Barack Obama was officially nominated at the Democratic National Convention for president. Obama went on to win the presidential election and become the first African-American president of the United States.

I thought it was a new beginning for America, a positive step forward. Given the current backlash and rise of white supremacy, boy was I wrong. It’s Tuesday as I write these words, and when I’m finished I’m off to teach ESL to immigrants from Somalia. A needed antidote against the hate and division that now poses as leadership.

***

Birthdays:

1871 – Theodore Dreiser.

Writer. Dreiser’s best known works are “Sister Carrie” and “An American Tragedy.” He faced criticism because sometimes his characters lacked proper moral fiber, and he also depicted sexual promiscuity, so he was in constant conflict with censorship. Politically, he was a radical and he defended those he believed fell victim to legal injustice. These included Emma Goldman, Sacco and Vanzetti, and Frank Little, a leader in the IWW who was lynched. A committed Socialist, he eventually joined the Communist Party in 1945, several months before his death. If he had lived long enough, I’m sure he would have been dragged before the HUAC.

When I was a young man I read many novels by great American novelists from earlier eras. Thomas Wolfe, Sinclair Lewis, John Dos Passos, William Faulkner, but I missed Theodore Dreiser. Don’t know if I’ll put him on my list or not. I no longer have that same energy.

***

1915 – Walter Heller.

Economist. Heller served under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson as chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers. Among his suggestions were tax cuts to stimulate the economy and Johnson’s War on Poverty. Earlier in his career, in 1947, Heller helped create the Marshall Plan which restored West Germany’s economy after the war. He resigned from the government because LBJ escalated the Vietnam War without a corresponding tax increase. He then joined the staff at the University of Minnesota, heading the Department of Economics and building it into a highly respected department. Heller died in 1987 and the University renamed a building after him.

Economics was my most difficult subject in college. I was struggling to even pass the course when we had a major test. To answer one question we had to show our calculations. I knew there was one of two ways to go, so I guessed. The professor was walking through the row of desks, looking at the students’ work. He stopped, looked over my shoulder, and then blurted in frustration, “No, no, no.” I quickly erased what I had and went the other way. I passed the test and the class but there was no career in Economics in my future.

***

1928 – Joan Kroc.

Wife of Ray Kroc. Ray Kroc had already wrested control of the McDonald fast food hamburger franchise from the McDonald brothers when Joan became his third wife. She was playing in a piano bar in St. Paul, Minnesota when Ray, himself a pianist, first met her. He was alcoholic and ill-tempered and the marriage was difficult. She even filed for divorce one time, but stuck it out and when he died in 1984, she inherited his vast fortune. She immediately began giving it away: philanthropy became her calling. Ray, a conservative, would have been horrified for she gave mainly to liberal causes. Although her giving could be capricious, based on something she read or someone she met, she also supported such causes as AIDS research and the No-nukes program, was a huge contributor to the Democratic Party, and posthumously left $234 million to NPR. Joan Kroc died from brain cancer in 2003.

McDonald’s is a major contributor to the current obesity epidemic. That so much of the profits gained going to good causes is a special irony. Despite all the Joan Kroc contributions that would never have been made, would the world have been better off without McDonald’s?   

*** 

ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

***

CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

Time.com

Wikipedia.org

OnThisDay.com

***

We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Old McDonald Signage (Lead-In Image) – tishomir / Shutterstock.com – “Downey, California – May 28, 2018: Logo of the McDonald’s in Downey, California. It is almost unchanged in appearance since it opened in 1953. It is the oldest operating McDonald’s restaurant.”

* LBJ & Walter Heller (video) – LBJ Tapes / Youtube.com

* Joan Kroc (video) – Women’s Museum of California / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

***

OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 2

* December 5

* December 9

December 11

December 12

* December 15

December 16

December 18 

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 28

* December 30

* January 3

January 4

January 6

January 7

January 10

* January 11

* January 14

January 15

January 16

January 19

January 21

January 22

January 24

January 25

January 29

January 30

February 1

February 3 

February 5

February 6

* February 9

* February 10

* February 11

February 14

February 15

February 18

February 20

February 21

February 24

February 25

February 28

March 2

March 3

March 6

March 9

March 10

March 12

* March 14

March 16

March 17

March 19

March 20

March 21

March 23

March 26

March 27

March 29

March 31

April 2

April 3

April 6

April 7

April 11

* April 12

April 13

April 18

April 19

April 22

April 23

April 25

April 28

April 29

May 2

May 3

* May 4

May 6

May 8

May 9

May 10

May 13

* May 17

May 18

May 19

May 23

* May 24

May 26

* May 28

May 29

June 1

June 2

June 3

June 8

June 9

June 10

June 15

June 17

June 18

June 19

June 21

June 23

June 24

June 28

June 29

June 30

July 2

* July 3

July 6

July 12

July 13

July 15

July 18

July 19

July 22

July 23

July 25

July 27

July 30

* July 31

August 3

August 4

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 14

August 16

August 17

* August 18

August 21

August 22

August 24

* August 25

* August 28

August 31

September 2

September 5

September 6

September 8

September 11

September 12

September 15

September 16 

September 17

September 21

September 23

September 24

September 25

September 28

September 30

October 1

October 3

October 7

October 10

October 12

October 14

* October 16

October 18

October 24

October 25

October 27

October 28

October 30

November 3

* November 4

November 5

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 13

November 14

November 16

* November 17

November 19

November 20

November 23

November 28

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

this-day-in-history-outro