This Day in History – August 5th – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… AUGUST 5

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1864 – Battle of Mobile Bay.

A Union fleet, commanded by Admiral David Farragut, engaged a smaller Confederate fleet and three forts guarding the city of Mobile. All of the Confederate fleet was quickly destroyed, except the ironclad CSS Tennessee which inflicted heavy damage on the Union forces before it too was defeated. The forts surrendered within days. This action completed the blockade of this region of the South. The news of this victory also aided Abraham Lincoln in his re-election campaign. It was in this battle that Farragut uttered his famous words, “Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!”

I can imagine a couple of seaman aboard his ship looking at each other aghast and thinking “Damn the torpedoes?’

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1964 – Operation Pierce Arrow.

The United States, in retaliation for gunboat attacks against destroyers USS Turner Joy and USS Maddox, bombed North Vietnam. Two U.S. planes were shot down and one pilot, Richard Sather, killed. The other, Lt.(jg) Everett Alvarez, was the first POW in the Vietnam War and remained in captivity from 1964 to 1973. On August 7th Congress passed the Bay of Tonkin Resolution allowing President Johnson to wage war on North Vietnam. There is now some doubt as to whether any attack on the Turner Joy and Maddox actually took place. Although U.S. involvement in Vietnam had been going on for some time, this marked the official beginning of the Vietnam War.

I learned of these attacks aboard the USS Jason in San Diego. I had about a month left of active duty in the Navy and was worried I might be extended because of this crisis. I was also puzzled. I hadn’t picked up much in high school but enough to think this whole action was highly questionable, illegal even. There had been no declaration of war so how could LBJ get off sending planes to bomb another country? I even wondered about the Tonkin Bay Resolution. It seemed a wishy-washy way of avoiding declaring war. But for me, at that time, the whole thing was more personal. I had served my time, done my duty, and was sick of the Navy and had little inclination to stick around for a war. 

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1981 – President Reagan fires 11,345 air traffic controllers.

In 1968 the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO) was formed. It was a trade union that also advocated for safety in the air. PATCO was one of the few unions that endorsed Ronald Reagan in the 1980 election. Reagan wrote them a letter pledging a spirit of cooperation between his administration and PATCO. Perhaps reading too much into the letter, PATCO, in the negotiations for a new contract with its employer, the FAA, asked for too much. When negotiations broke down, the controllers went on strike on August 3rd. Union members had taken an oath upon accepting their jobs they would never strike against the federal government. Reagan used this as grounds for their firing. The union was broken and replacement controllers hired. The private sector noted his success and began taking a harder line against unions and began a dismantling of union influence that continues to this day.

It seems the leadership of PATCO got a little heady and forgot to read the fine print.

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Birthdays:

1749 – Thomas Lynch Jr.

Signer of the Declaration of Independence. From South Carolina, Lynch became a member of the Continental Congress when he replaced his father who had fallen ill. Lynch was the second youngest signer of the Declaration. Apparently, he wasn’t totally on board; however, a month later he threatened that South Carolina would secede. He opposed even a debate over whether or not slaves were property. In poor health, he retired from Congress in 1777. Seeking a healthier climate, he and his family left South Carolina on a ship in 1779. The ship disappeared at sea and Lynch was the youngest signer of the Declaration of Independence to die. 

“All men are created equal” was both a lofty and hypocritical phrase in the Declaration. Thomas Lynch was one of the signers who believe some men were more equal than others, and some were just property.

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1906 – John Huston.

Film director, writer, actor. Huston directed such Hollywood classics as “The Maltese Falcon,” “The Treasure of the Sierra Madre,” “The African Queen,” “The Misfits,” and “Fat City.” He received 15 Oscar nominations and won five times. His parents divorced when he was six, and he spent time with each, receiving an education from their pursuits. He watched his father act on stage and his mother took him to horse racing tracks. Huston dropped out of high school in Los Angeles to become a professional boxer, and although successful at first, quit when he suffered a broken nose. He traveled to Paris to study painting, and then to Mexico to begin writing, and somehow became an honorary member of the Mexican cavalry. Then it was on to Hollywood, where he began as a screenwriter. He convinced Warner Bros. to let him direct, and he burst out of the gate with “The Maltese Falcon,” making him and Humphrey Bogart, the movie’s leading actor, valuable commodities in the film industry. They worked together a number of times and were best friends. Huston was cerebral with an interest in literature, ballet, and painting, and incorporated these into his films. He was also a hard-living, hard-drinking, woman-chasing man and was married five times. He had a legendary fistfight with Errol Flynn over Olivia de Havilland, and lost. He is the only director to have directed both his father, Walter, and his daughter, Anjelica. And both received an Oscar. Huston was said to have only one standard and this is from The Guardian Online: “The best horses, the best parties, the best cigars, and the best casting when he made a film.” A lifelong smoker, Huston suffered from emphysema in the latter stages of his life and died from it in 1987 at age 81.

I think next up on my Netflix queue will be a list of John Huston’s movie to re-watch.

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1935 – Jack McCartan.

Goalie. McCartan was the goalie on the U.S. 1960 Olympic hockey team that unexpectedly won the Gold Medal. He was in the Army at the time and was initially cut, but then got a call asking if he wanted to rejoin the team. As he put it, “It beat going back to the Army.” The U.S. defeated hockey powerhouse Canada and then Russia to win the title. In college McCartan played for the University of Minnesota. He also played third base for the Gopher baseball team that won the 1956 NCAA title. McCartan later played professionally and then became a scout, spending his whole life in hockey.  

Not bad, winning both an Olympic Gold Medal and a NCAA championship. A multi-sport player. That seems healthier than a kid devoting 12 months a year to one sport.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

OnThisDay.com

Wikipedia.org

TheGuardian.com

USHockeyHall.com

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

*  Lead-In Image – Los Angeles International Airport (photo) – Photo by Beckett Pfahler on Unsplash

* John Huston (video) – Cinephilia and Beyond / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 2

December 3

December 5

December 8

* December 9

December 11

December 12

* December 13

* December 15

December 16

December 18

* December 19

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 25

December 28

January 1

January 3

* January 4

January 6

January 7

January 8

January 11

* January 12

* January 14

January 15

January 17

January 19

January 22

January 23

January 24

January 28

January 29

February 1

February 2

February 3

February 5

* February 9

February 10

* February 12

February 14

February 15

February 20

February 21

February 22

February 25

February 28

February 29

March 2

March 4

March 6

* March 9

March 11

March 12

March 14

March 15

March 17

March 19

March 21

March 22

March 23

March 27

March 28

March 29

April 2

April 3

April 4

April 6

April 9

* April 11

April 13

April 16

April 18

April 21

* April 22

April 23

April 26

April 28

April 29

May 1

May 2

* May 3

May 5

May 6

May 9

May 10

May 11

* May 13

May 16

May 17

* May 22

May 24

May 26

May 27

* May 28

May 29

May 31

June 1

June 3

June 4

June 8

June 10

June 11

June 13

June 16

June 17

June 18

June 20

June 21

June 25

June 27

June 28

June 29

July 1

July 2

July 3

July 5

July 9

July 11

July 13

July 15

July 19

July 21

July 23

* July 24

* July 28

July 29

July 30

* July 31

* August 1

* August 2

* August 3

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 16

August 17

August 21

August 24

August 25

* August 28

August 31

September 2

September 5

September 6

September 8

September 11

September 12

September 15

September 16 

September 17

September 21

September 23

September 25

September 26

September 27

September 30

October 1

October 3

October 4

October 5

October 7

October 10

October 11

* October 12

October 14

October 15

October 16

October 18

October 20

October 24

October 25

October 26

October 27

October 30

October 31

November 1

November 3

* November 4

November 5

November 6

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 11

November 13

November 14

November 15

November 16

* November 17

November 18

* November 19

November 20

November 23

November 24

November 26

November 28

November 29

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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