This Day In History – December 31 – Hijinx, Humor and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… DECEMBER 31

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1600 – Charter granted for British East India Company.

London merchants formed this company to compete in the spice and tea trade in Indonesia and India. It eventually exuded power far beyond a mere trading company. The company controlled large swaths of India, created a government, and dominated a resentful population with its own military. The company ruled India until the Sepoy Rebellion of 1857. At that point the British government took control over India which was a British colony until before acquiring its independence in 1947.

That must be the dream of corporate moguls everywhere, total control over a country, including its own military. Also having corporate law supersede national law as the WTO has suggested. 

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1967 – Evel Knievel and Caesars Palace.

Riding a Triumph motorcycle Knievel attempted to jump the fountain at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas. If successful the jump would have been 141 feet. It wasn’t. Knievel came up slightly short, and was bounced from the cycle at a speed of 80-90 miles per hour, badly injured. He was in a hospital over a month recovering. It placed him in the spotlight though, and signaled the public start of his career as a legendary daredevil. Convincing the casino to participate was as entertaining as the attempt itself. In order to sell the idea to Caesars CEO Jay Sarno, Knievel created a fictitious corporation and then made phone calls to Sarno playing fictitious lawyers representing that corporation. He also placed fake calls to Sarno pretending to be from Sports Illustrated and Wide World of Sports expressing interest in the event. Once he got the okay, he tried to sell the idea to Wide World of Sports but they weren’t interested. Knievel hired director John Derek to film the jump. However Knievel had run out of money by this time and couldn’t afford to pay for any cameramen. So Derek’s wife, actress Linda Evans, operated the camera. She captured the now famous crash landing. Right before the jump Knievel went into the casino, placed his last 100 dollars on a bet at the roulette table, lost, had a shot of Wild Turkey and then flew into history. He sold the footage of the jump to Wide World of Sports for many times more than he would have received if they had filmed it live.

Evel Knievel, perfect name for a daredevil. Read a story, don’t know if it’s true or not, how he acquired that moniker. He was in jail, in Montana or someplace out west. His cellmate’s name was Knofel. The jailer walked by and said, “Well, well, Awful Knofel and Evil Knievel. 

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1967 – The Ice Bowl.

The NFL championship game played between the Green Bay Packers and the Dallas Cowboys. The game was played at Lambeau Field in Green Bay and the temperature was -13F at the start. There were wind chill recordings of -33 and -37. The Packers defeated the Cowboys 21-17 on a last second touchdown. Coaches for both teams forbid players to wear gloves. Some players defied those orders, and some who did not suffered from the effects of frostbite the rest of their lives. Others suffered permanent lung damage from the cold air. The field was frozen solid; it was like playing on concrete. One player had two teeth knocked loose and sticking through his lip. He didn’t realize it at first because there was no blood. It was too cold to bleed. The referees weren’t able to use their whistles, instead they just had to shout. An elderly spectator in the stands died from hypothermia and the wife of the Dallas coach missed the last play of the game because her eyelashes were frozen shut.

Two major events that day in 1967 and both defied good sense.  

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Birthdays:

1491 – Jacques Cartier.

Explorer. Cartier first explored and mapped parts of North America that is now Canada. He is credited with giving Canada its name, misusing an Iroquois name that meant village. He also laid claim to the land for France.

I’ve always thought that laying claim to a land was the explorer’s version of yelling “Shotgun!,” and should have had the same legal status.

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1882 – Ben Jones.

Horse trainer. Jones was one of the most successful trainers of his time, winning the Kentucky Derby six times and the Triple Crown twice with Whirlaway and Citation. Jones was the son of a wealthy banker and cattle rancher in Missouri. His father had hoped he would follow him into the family business but instead Jones fell in love with horses. He rode in races on the streets of his hometown and at county fairs as a youth. To go to college he rode a bicycle 500 miles to Colorado State University where he played football. Bored, he quit and rode his bike back to Missouri where he became involved with horses again. Racing was at a low ebb in the U.S., so he went to Mexico where he trained horses. There he had to contend with losing horses to raids by Pancho Villa. He kept his prize horse by tricking the raiders into thinking it was lame. He came back to Missouri where his father finally relented to his son’s passion and bought him some horses. He trained for himself and others, eventually becoming head trainer at Calument Farm in Kentucky. His son Jimmy followed him into the business and they were co-trainers for the famous Citation. 

What struck me about this story is biking 500 miles twice, given the quality of the unpaved roads and bicycles of that time period. Also, having to contend with Pancho Villa in pursuit of a dream. 

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1943 – Henry Deutchendorf. AKA John Denver.

Singer, songwriter. Denver was a military brat, growing up in a succession of bases at different locations. As an introvert, it was a trial for him starting at a new school every year or two. His father was stationed for a while in Alabama where Denver was appalled by the racial segregation and policies he witnessed. It started him on a lifetime of support for liberal causes. His first break was having Peter, Paul and Mary record his “I’m Leaving on a Jet Plane.” As a solo artist he had a string of hits including “Thank God I’m a Country Boy” and “Rocky Mountain High,” now one of Colorado’s state songs. He was a humanitarian and environmentalist and gave generously to a number of causes. He was a supporter and friend of President Jimmy Carter and despite their political differences, President Reagan gave him a humanitarian award. Denver died in 1997 when a light plane he was piloting crashed.

Critics and the musically sophisticated disdained him but he had masses of fans nevertheless. One example is when his song “Country Roads” was played at Baltimore Orioles home games the whole stadium would erupt and enthusiastically sing along. 

As a kid it must have been difficult starting a new school and having to introduce yourself as Henry Deutchendorf.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following websites:

* onthisday.com

* losvegassun.com

* dallasnews.com

* champsofthetrack.com

* en.wikipedia.org

We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Lead-In Image (Evel Knievel Pinball Machine) – Photo by Markus Spiske on Unsplash

* Evel Knievel (video) – Total Motorcycle / Youtube.com

* The Ice Bowl (video) – NFL Fanzone / Youtube.com

* John Denver (video) –Tim Bell/ Youtube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 3

December 4

December 5

* December 8

December 9

December 10

December 11

December 12

December 13

December 15

December 16

December 17

December 18

December 19

December 21

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 25

* December 26

* December 28

January 1

January 3

* January 4

January 6

January 7

January 8

January 11

January 12

January 14

January 15

January 17

January 19

January 22

January 23

January 24

January 28

January 29

February 1

February 2

February 3

February 5

February 9

February 10

February 12

February 14

February 15

February 20

February 21

February 22

February 25

February 28

February 29

March 2

March 4

March 6

March 9

March 11

March 12

March 14

March 15

March 17

March 19

March 21

March 22

March 23

March 27

March 28

March 29

April 2

April 3

April 4

April 6

April 9

April 11

April 13

April 16

April 18

April 21

April 22

April 23

April 26

April 28

April 29

May 1

May 2

* May 3

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May 6

May 9

May 10

May 11

* May 13

May 16

May 17

May 22

May 24

May 26

May 27

* May 28

May 29

May 31

June 1

June 3

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June 8

June 10

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June 13

June 16

June 17

June 18

June 21

June 22

June 24

June 27

June 28

June 29

July 2

July 3

July 4

July 9

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July 13

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July 15

July 19

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July 23

July 24

July 25

July 29

July 30

July 31

August 2

* August 3

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October 31

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* Stay tuned for more!

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