molly maguire signpost shutterstock 1

This Day in History – June 21st – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… JUNE 21

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1684 – King Charles II revokes the charter of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

This was done because of frustration over being unable to exert control over the colony. (Those pesky colonists!) The king wanted to weaken the influence of religion in the charter and also eliminate the stringent voting requirements. (What? If only temporarily, I’m coming down on the side of a king?) Charles died in 1685 and James II took over. He followed in the footsteps of Charles and continued to introduce more measures in order to control the colonies.

Bad idea, Jimmy, for we all know how that turned out.

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1877 – Ten Molly Maguires hanged.

The Molly Maguires were a secret organization of Irish immigrants in the coal mining region of Pennsylvania. They fought against injustice, sometimes with violence, and tired to organize coal miners into a union. That, perhaps, was their greater crime. They were infiltrated by an undercover agent from the Pinkertons, exposed, and arrested. At their trial some of the prosecuting attorneys worked for the coal mining companies, which apparently no one saw as a conflict of interest. The ten young Irish men, including their leader, John Kehoe, were convicted and executed. Another ten would also eventually be executed. Kehoe was probably innocent of the charges brought against him, and a hundred years later the governor of Pennsylvania issued him a pardon.

“The Molly Maguires” is a movie about this incident starring Sean Connery as John Kehoe. The director of the movie was Walter Bernstein, who was a blacklisted screenwriter and director during the Joseph McCarthy era. Bernstein was an interesting figure who was with the OSS during WWII and fought with Tito’s partisans in Yugoslavia. He wrote a bitter autobiography about his experiences with the so-called communist purge of Hollywood. The movie is said to be his response to the “friendly witnesses” of the House of Un-American Activities Committee.

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1968 – Earl Warren resigns.

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Earl Warren submitted his resignation to President Lyndon Johnson. One of the reasons for his resignation was that he was worried Richard Nixon was going to win in the upcoming presidential race and he didn’t want Nixon to pick his successor. Despite being a Republican (Warren was Dewey’s running mate in the 1948 presidential election and three-time governor of California) he detested Nixon. By stepping off the court in January, before Nixon’s inauguration, he wanted to allow LBJ to choose his replacement. This plan was derailed, however, when Republicans filibustered his chosen replacement, Abe Fortas. Warren was appalled by Nixon’s presidency and later said, “If I had ever known what was going to happen to this country and this Court, I never would have resigned and they would have had to carry me out of there on a plank.”

If Nixon appalled him, I wonder what he would be thinking now.

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Birthdays:

1921 – Jane Russell. American-born actress.

1921 – Judy Holliday. American-born actress.

1921 – Jean Kent. English-born actress.

1921 – Joan Tetzel. American-born actress.

1925 – Maureen Stapleton. American-born actress.

1940 – Mariette Hartley. American-born actress.

1944 – Corinna Tsopel. Greek-born actress. Also Miss Universe 1964.

If you have a daughter and she aspires to be an actress, it seems it might be wise to alter her birth certificate to show a June 21st birth date.

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1947 – Shirin Ebadi.

Iranian lawyer and winner of the 2003 Nobel Peace Prize. She won the prize for promoting the rights of women, children, and political prisoners in Iran. She was a judge in Tehran until the 1979 Iranian Revolution. The clerics said Islam prohibited women from being judges. Demoted to a clerk position, she resigned from the court. She was allowed to begin practicing law again in 1993, and immediately began to take on controversial cases. She has been arrested a number of times for taking the cases of political dissidents. Ebadi also has written many articles and thirteen books promoting human rights. While not a defender of the West (she originally was a supporter of the Iranian revolution) she has received threats that now prohibit her from living in Iran.

Ebadi supports Iran’s nuclear development, believes the state of Israel participates in criminal activity, does not believe there should be a forced regime change in Iran, and defends homosexuality.

From Wikipedia: “In light of the increased power of ISIL, Ebadi communicated in April 2015 that she believes the Western world should spend money funding education and an end to corruption rather than fighting with guns and bombs. She reasons that because the Islamic State stems from an ideology based on a “wrong interpretation of Islam,” physical force will not end ISIS because it will not end its beliefs.”

But guns and bombs are an easier sell than education, for we know how much that is valued in our own government.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

Wikipedia.org 

HistoryOfMassachusetts.org 

OnThisDay.com

Blog.OUP.com 

NobelWomensInitiative.org

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Lead-In Image (Signpost)  – George Sheldon / Shutterstock.com – “Jim Thorpe, PA, USA – December 3, 2017: The Historic Market at the Carbon County Jail, notable for the hangings of Molly Maguires in 1877.”

* Molly Maguires (video)  – The History Channel & Edward’s History Hub / YouTube.com

* Earl Warren (video) – 20th Century Time Machine / YouTube.com

* Shirin Ebadi ( video) – OxfordUnion / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 2

December 3

December 5

December 8

* December 9

December 11

December 12

* December 13

* December 15

December 16

December 18

* December 19

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 25

December 28

January 1

January 3

* January 4

January 6

January 7

January 8

January 11

* January 12

* January 14

January 15

January 17

January 19

January 22

January 23

January 24

January 28

January 29

February 1

February 2

February 3

February 5

* February 9

February 10

* February 12

February 14

February 15

February 20

February 21

February 22

February 25

February 28

February 29

March 2

March 4

March 6

* March 9

March 11

March 12

March 14

March 15

March 17

March 19

March 21

March 22

March 23

March 27

March 28

March 29

April 2

April 3

April 4

April 6

April 9

* April 11

April 13

April 16

April 18

April 21

April 22

April 23

April 26

April 28

April 29

May 1

May 2

* May 3

May 5

May 6

May 9

May 10

May 11

* May 13

May 16

May 17

* May 22

May 24

May 26

May 27

* May 28

May 29

May 31

June 1

June 3

June 4

June 8

June 10

June 11

June 13

June 16

June 17

June 18

June 24

June 28

June 29

July 2

July 3

* July 9

July 13

July 15

July 19

July 23

July 25

July 30

July 31

* August 3

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 16

August 17

August 21

August 24

August 25

* August 28

August 31

September 2

September 5

September 6

September 8

September 11

September 12

September 15

September 16 

September 17

September 21

September 23

September 25

September 26

September 27

September 30

October 1

October 3

October 4

October 5

October 7

October 10

October 11

* October 12

October 14

October 15

October 16

October 18

October 20

October 24

October 25

October 26

October 27

October 30

October 31

November 1

November 3

* November 4

November 5

November 6

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 11

November 13

November 14

November 15

November 16

* November 17

November 18

* November 19

November 20

November 23

November 24

November 26

November 28

November 29

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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