NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.
You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.
THIS DAY IN HISTORY… JUNE 3
1098 – Crusaders seize Antioch.
Antioch, in modern day Turkey, fell during the First Crusade after a seven-month siege. The walled fortress blocked the Crusaders’ supply route on their march to Palestine. Although the city was Muslim controlled, many of its inhabitants were Christian. In fact it was a Christian within the city who surreptitiously opened a gate to allow Christian knights to flood in, leading to Antioch’s fall. Sharing a faith, however, did not insure the city’s population. In researching this subject I came across one account where the writer, in describing the aftermath of the city’s capitulation, wrote in a droll fashion, “The usual massacre ensued.”
I find the Crusades both fascinating and appalling. Religious war at its most bestial. At its core, greed played an equal part with religion. I’m sure many fought with a fervent belief in their god while others also cast an eye toward a potential pot of gold. I believe the Crusades are still having a long-term effect. The word itself can still raise ire in the Middle East, and with oil now replacing gold, its almost as if nothing has changed. Different gods are still in the middle of it.
1861 – Battle of Philippi.
It was the first land battle of the Civil War. Relatively small, it took place in western Virginia, involved about 3,000 men, and was a Union victory because of superior numbers. The battle was notable in that rebel soldier James. E. Hanger was wounded in the leg by a cannonball. Left behind in the rebel retreat, he was captured and operated upon by a Union doctor. Private James E. Hanger has the dubious distinction of being the first amputee of the Civil War. Many thousands more were to follow.
Like most, I thought the first battle was at Bull Run/Manassas.
1940 – The last of the English army evacuates from Dunkirk.
Approximately 338,000 men, about a third of them French, Belgian, and Polish soldiers, escaped the clutches of the German army. For reasons still not entirely clear, the Germans stopped their advance and allowed the British time for the escape. There are theories that Field Marshall Goering convinced Hitler to let the Luftwaffe assume control so they could get credit for the victory. Whatever the reason, some maintain it was a decision that cost Germany the chance to win the war.
For all the power of the German army, the free world was awfully lucky that Hitler, in all his egotistical madness, maintained final decision-making control.
1905 – Martin Gottfried Weiss.
Commandant of Dachau concentration camp at the time of its liberation. He had fled by this time but was captured in Munich. He became a member of the Nazi Party in 1926 and joined the SS in 1932, so he was a long time disciple of the madness. He was tried for being responsible for multiple deaths and was executed for his crimes in 1946. Weiss was married in 1934 and had two children.
Having a war criminal as a father is a tough legacy to carry through life. I once read a fascinating book (forgot the title) about the offspring of those in the Nazi regime. The reaction of the children ran a wide gauntlet. Some sided with their parents, not believing it or making excuses, others were horrified but because of love were very conflicted over what to do, and some simply walked away, never to speak to their parents again.
Talk about being put in a tough situation.
1906 – Josephine Baker.
African-American singer, dancer, spy, and civil rights activist. Successful in vaudeville and part of the Harlem Renaissance, Baker moved to Paris and became a very sought after performer there. She became a citizen of France and gave up her American citizenship. When the Nazis invaded France she remained in Paris, continued her act, and became part of the French Resistance. While performing in front of the enemy she overheard confidential information and passed it on to the Allies using invisible ink on music sheets.
In the early 1950s, Baker was invited to return to the U.S. to tour. In the first stop in Miami she found out the audience was to be segregated and she refused to perform, forcing a standoff in which she prevailed. In New York City she and her husband were refused accommodation at thirty-six hotels. An incident at the Stork Club caused her to lose her work visa in America. A scene ensued when she was refused service. Actress Grace Kelly, who was at the Stork Club at the time, sided with Baker. They later became lifelong friends. Columnist Walter Winchell attacked Baker in the press, accusing her of communist sympathies. (That old tried and true gambit.) She returned to Paris and wasn’t allowed in the U.S. for another decade.
Baker raised thirteen adopted children, of all nationalities. She called them her Rainbow Tribe. From Paris she aided the NAACP and worked for civil rights for African-Americans. Allowed back in the States, Baker was one of the speakers, standing at the side of Martin Luther King, Jr., at the March on Washington in 1963. Her is part of her speech that day. “You know, friends, that I do not lie to you when I tell you I have walked into the palaces of kings and queens and into the houses of presidents. And much more. But I could not walk into a hotel in America and get a cup of coffee, and that made me mad.”
Josephine Baker’s career faded and she faced financial ruin, but with the help of Grace Kelly, she was making a comeback when she died in 1975.
A truly great citizen of the world.
1929 – Chuck Barris.
Creator of TV game shows, songwriter, and CIA assassin. Barris created “The Newlywed Game,” “The Dating Game,” and “The Gong Show” among others. He was also the host of “The Gong Show.” That the bar was not set very high was a standard in all these shows. His first brush with success was writing “Palisades Park” for Freddie Cannon in 1962. In the 1980s Barris wrote a book, Confessions of a Dangerous Mind, in which he professed to be a CIA assassin. The CIA denied he had ever been on their payroll.
The ultimate huckster, P.T. Barnum would have loved him.
ABOUT GARY JENNEKE
At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.
You can reach him at email@example.com.
The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.
We’d like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:
* Lead-In Image (Folies Bergere) – EQRoy / Shutterstock.com – “PARIS, FRANCE -10 AUGUST 2015- The Folies Bergeres is a musical theater located in the 9th arrondissement of the French capital.”
* Siege Of Antioch (video) – BazBattles / YouTube.com
* Battle of Philippi (art) – Everett Historical / Shutterstock.com – “The Civil War. Philippi, West Virginia, scene of the first battle of the rebellion, fought June 3rd 1861. Color lithograph, 1896.”
* Dunkirk Evacuation (photograph) – Everett Historical / Shutterstock.com – “Military evacuation of Dunkirk during World War 2. Thousands of British and French troops wait on the dunes of Dunkirk beach for transport to England. May 26-June 4, 1940.”
* Josephine Baker (video) – JosephineBakerTube / YouTube.com
* Chuck Barris (video) – TODAY / YouTube.com
* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com