sumner brooks - Everett Historical - Shutterstock - feature

This Day in History – May 22nd – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… MAY 22

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1856 – Representative Preston Brooks beats Senator Charles Sumner with a cane on the Senate floor.

Brooks, representing South Carolina was an advocate of slavery, Sumner, a senator from Massachusetts, was an abolitionist. Angered at the sack of Lawrence, Kansas by pro-slavery marauders, Sumner gave a fiery speech to the Senate. In it he personally attacked Senator Andrew Brooks, a distant cousin of Representative Preston Brooks. Sumner thundered to the Senate that Brooks had a mistress, a harlot called slavery. During the speech Senator Stephen Douglas leaned over to another senator and said, “That damn fool is going to get himself killed by another damn fool.” Preston Brooks felt he had to defend Southern honor and his cousin’s good name. Two days after the speech Brooks entered the Senate chamber where Sumner was working at his desk and repeatedly struck him over the head with a cane until he was physically restrained. Sumner was so badly injured he didn’t return to the Senate for over two years. Lacking the necessary votes, the House failed in its attempt to expel Brooks. Both men were reelected in their next election.

We shouldn’t fear that type of behavior could take place with today’s Congress. Our elected officials don’t spend all that much time in those hallowed chambers, they’re too busy out raising money for reelection or meeting with lobbyists to get their marching orders.

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1868 – Train robbery in Marshfield, Indiana.

Twelve men took over the train, killed a guard, and made off with $96,000. This was the fourth in a series of train robberies by the Reno Gang. Led by brothers Frank, John, and Simeon Reno, the gang committed the first train robberies on U.S. soil. Illicit means of making money came naturally to the brothers. During the Civil War well-to-do Union draftees could avoid military duty by paying someone else to serve in their place. The Reno Brothers took advantage of this system by repeatedly accepting payment to serve and then deserting. They continued their wayward exploits after the war. The Marshfield heist however, was their last. Tracked down by the law, ten members of the gang were arrested. Taken from jail by a mob of vigilantes, they were lynched at a site that became known as Hangman’s Crossing, Indiana. Most of the stolen loot was never recovered.

New to me. I’ve heard of the James Brothers, the Youngers, Daltons, but until now never the Reno Brothers. But like the others, they came to an ignoble end.

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2002 – Bobby Frank Cherry convicted.

Cherry had long been a suspect in the 1963 church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama that killed four African-American girls. He was known as an avowed racist and proud member of the Ku Klux Klan. Although he and a small group of other members formed an offshoot branch because they felt the Klan wasn’t violent enough. They were suspected in a number of racially motivated bombings in Birmingham in the sixties. The FBI immediately began investigating him but Director J. Edgar Hoover eventually ordered the investigation stopped because he believed no Southern jury would convict him anyway. Subsequent investigations brought a co-conspirator to justice in 1977, and after 37 years the law finally caught up to Cherry. He served only two years of his sentence before dying in prison in 2004.

After 37 years a small measure of justice for such a heinous crime. Nor did Cherry seem to suffer from any remorse or guilt. But his son did say he was looking over his shoulder for all those years. Another observation, the KKK wasn’t extreme enough?

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Birthdays:

1928 – T. Boone Pickens.

Businessman. Pickens grew rich as an oilman, hedge fund manager, and corporate raider. Pickens was a contradiction in that he was an oilman who was also an advocate of solar and wind power. He was into philanthropy, giving away over $700 million, much of it to his alma mater, Oklahoma State University. He also made the Living Pledge, promising to give away half of his wealth to charitable purposes. Politically he contributed heavily to the Republican Party and was a supporter of George W. Bush. Pickens supported the group who attacked presidential candidate John Kerry’s Vietnam war record, claiming he had embellished it. Criticized, Pickens issued the Swift Boat challenge, offering a million dollars to anyone who could prove his attack ads were false. A group of Vietnam veterans, ex-Swift Boat sailors, sent him 42 pages of military records, validating Kerry’s service and actions, but Pickens rejected their findings, saying it proved nothing.

While Pickens did some admirable things with his money, I take issue whenever someone who was not in the military cast aspersions on the military performance of someone else. It’s like the guy who evaded the draft, and possible Vietnam duty, by claiming to have bone spurs, yet still found fit to denigrate an American hero, John McCain, because he was captured. Disgraceful. 

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1942 – Ted Kaczynski.

Unabomber. For over seventeen years Kaczynski sent out bombs to randomly selected targets, killing three and injuring another twenty-four people. The one-time mathematics professor at Berkeley was the focus of a FBI-led task force but escaped detection. Until 1995 when the Unabomber sent out a 35,000 word manifesto justifying his actions and the FBI decided to release it to the public. David Kaczynski recognized something in the writing style and alerted the FBI about his brother who was living as a recluse in the mountains of Montana. His mountain retreat was raided, bomb making materials were found, and the Unabomber reign of terror ended. Instead of a shack in the mountains, Kaczynski now resides in a federal prison.

David Kaczynski must have been desperately hoping he was wrong as the awful realization dawned on him about his brother, yet was compelled to the the right thing. 

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1943 – Tommy John.

Baseball pitcher. A left-handed pitcher, John accumulated 288 victories in a 26 year major league career. He also had 231 losses. He has the third most victories of any pitcher who is not in Baseball’s Hall of Fame. In the middle of his career he had arm surgery, a reconstruction of a ligament in his throwing arm. He recovered from what was usually a career-ending injury to become a successful pitcher again. He was a pioneer in the procedure that would go on to become commonplace. Today it is known as “Tommy John Surgery.”

Having a surgery named after you must be weird. Especially since it will ultimately overshadow his on-field accomplishments.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

OnThisDay.com

USHistory.org

TexasMonthly.com

HistoryNet.com

Wikipedia.org

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Lead-In Image (Political Cartoon)  – Everett Historical / Shutterstock.com – “The Civil War, The attack and severe beating of Massachusetts senator Charles Sumner by Representative Preston S. Brooks of South Carolina. Cartoon by Winslow Homer, 1856.”

sumner brooks - Everett Historical - Shutterstock - embed

* Tommy John Surgery (video) – Understand / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 2

December 3

December 5

December 8

* December 9

December 11

December 12

* December 13

* December 15

December 16

December 18

* December 19

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 25

December 28

January 1

January 3

* January 4

January 6

January 7

January 8

January 11

* January 12

* January 14

January 15

January 17

January 19

January 22

January 23

January 24

January 28

January 29

February 1

February 2

February 3

February 5

* February 9

February 10

* February 12

February 14

February 15

February 20

February 21

February 22

February 25

February 28

February 29

March 2

March 4

March 6

* March 9

March 11

March 12

March 14

March 15

March 17

March 19

March 21

March 22

March 23

March 27

March 28

March 29

April 2

April 3

April 4

April 6

April 9

* April 11

April 13

April 16

April 18

April 21

April 22

April 23

April 26

April 28

April 29

May 1

May 2

* May 3

May 5

May 6

May 9

May 10

May 11

* May 13

May 16

* May 17

* May 24

May 26

May 29

June 1

June 3

June 8

June 10

June 13

June 17

June 18

June 21

June 24

June 28

June 29

July 2

July 3

* July 9

July 13

July 15

July 19

July 23

July 25

July 30

July 31

* August 3

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 16

August 17

August 21

August 24

August 25

* August 28

August 31

September 2

September 5

September 6

September 8

September 11

September 12

September 15

September 16 

September 17

September 21

September 23

September 25

September 26

September 27

September 30

October 1

October 3

October 4

October 5

October 7

October 10

October 11

* October 12

October 14

October 15

October 16

October 18

October 20

October 24

October 25

October 26

October 27

October 30

October 31

November 1

November 3

* November 4

November 5

November 6

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 11

November 13

November 14

November 15

November 16

* November 17

November 18

* November 19

November 20

November 23

November 24

November 26

November 28

November 29

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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