This Day in History – November 21 – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… NOVEMBER 21

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1847 – Lake Michigan disaster.

The steamship, Phoenix, on its way to Sheboygan, Wisconsin, caught fire and was destroyed, taking anywhere from 200 to 300 lives, including many children. The exact toll is unknown because all the ship’s records were burned in the fire. The small ship, 140 feet long, had left Buffalo, New York, carrying immigrants, mostly from Holland, on their way to the Midwest seeking farmland. The Phoenix put into Manitowoc to shelter from high water and storms and while there it was rumored some of the crew went ashore and got drunk. About one in the morning with the wind now calm, the ship left for Sheboygan, thirty miles away. During the night a passenger, a steam engineer from Holland, awoke, and knew from the sound that something was wrong with the engine. He went to the engine room and issued a warning that unless water was added there’d be a fire. The engineer in charge (drunk?) became irate and punched him. The Dutchman returned to his cabin, woke his wife and two children and took them to a lifeboat to await the fire. It started in the engine room and spread throughout the wooden ship. Firefighting efforts, including a bucket brigade by the passengers, failed. There were only two lifeboats, and the scene in the water was chaotic with those swimming trying desperately to grab onto the lifeboats and the occupants, worried about being swamped, fighting them off with fists, sticks and oars. Only 43 people survived, including the Dutchman who had issued the warning, and his family.

I hope the man who was in charge of the engine room wasn’t one of them.

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1922 – 1st female U.S. Senator.

The governor of Georgia picked eighty-seven year old Rebecca Felton to temporarily fill a vacancy until the next election. Before this is applauded as a noble act, here are some details. The governor, wanting to run for the seat himself, was blatantly trying to curry favor with the women in his state because earlier he had opposed ratification of the amendment to the Constitution giving women the right to vote. And Felton, while being a leader in the fight for women’s rights, was also an avowed white supremacist. She only served one day and the governor’s plan failed; he didn’t win the senate seat.

Lest we forget politics has always been a two-faced and ugly game.  

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1974 – Birmingham, England pub bombings.

Two bombs were planted, one in the Mulberry Bush pub, and another in the Tavern in the Town. Shortly after 8:00 PM they exploded, killing 21 people and injuring 182 more. This was during the time of “The Troubles” in Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic Army (IRA) was suspected. The IRA denied responsibility. Two warnings had been called in to local newspapers but were only minutes before the blasts, and were vague as to locations. Six local men, Irish Catholics originally from Northern Ireland, were immediately arrested. They signed confessions, confessions that were beaten out of them, and at their trial maintained their innocence. They were convicted of 21 counts of murder each and sentenced to life in prison. While there, they continued to claim their innocence. In 1991 the case was appealed, and citing police mishandling of evidence and coercion, was overturned and the men freed. It has been called one of the worst miscarriages of justice in the British legal system. The true perpetrators have never been found, although in 2014 and again in 2017 two different former IRA members admitted to that organization’s involvement.

Even if the cause is just, as I believe was the case with the Catholics in Northern Ireland, how does the killing of innocent people advance it?

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Birthdays:

1694 – Francois-Maire Arouet AKA Voltaire.

French Enlightenment writer. Known for his wit, Voltaire was a critic of the Catholic Church. He was an advocate of freedom of speech, freedom of religion and separation of church and state.

I’ll let his quotes speak for him.

“Common sense is not so common.”

“It is difficult to free fools from the chains they revere.”

“Those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities.”

“If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent Him.”

“The true triumph of reason is that it enables us to get along with those who do not possess it.”

“Doubt is not a pleasant condition, but certainty is absurd.”

“Outside of a dog, a book is man’s best friend. Inside a dog it is too dark to read.” Wait, that’s Groucho Marx, not Voltaire. Sorry, I always get them mixed up.

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1834 – Henrietta “Hetty” Green.

Financier. The richest woman in the world at her time, she was also known as the Witch of Wall Street. Green came from a wealthy family and early in life was schooled in how to make money. By age 13, she was doing the accounting for the family business. At age 20, her father gave her an extensive wardrobe in order to attract a suitor. Instead she took the dresses, sold them and invested the money in bonds. She did marry, with a prenuptial to protect her money, and had two children. Her husband died young and she wore her mourning clothes to Wall Street, gaining her the “witch” moniker. She was fixated on money, to the point of being a miser. She did not seek out medical care for herself or her children and they lived in cheap housing. She was said to be unscrupulous at times but in her field, not all that unusual. When she died in 1916 she had a net worth of two billion dollars in today’s money.

I always find the single minded pursuit of money sad, but in this case also impressive because she did it in a world of men and at a time when women weren’t even considered “full people”.

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1920 – Stan Musial.

Baseball player. Stan the Man Musial was a left-handed hitting outfielder and 1st baseman for the St. Louis Cardinals. He is still considered one of the best hitters in Major League history. He won the National League batting championship seven times, was voted the MVP three times, and led St. Louis to three World Championships. He played in twenty-four All-Star games and throughout his career was very consistent, evidenced by having 1,815 hits while playing at home and 1,815 hits while on the road. Musial joined the Navy near the end of the war in 1945 and served a little more than a year before being honorably discharged. He is in baseball’s Hall of Fame and on February 15th, 2011, President Obama presented him with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Stan the Man Musial passed away on January 19th, 2013 at age 92.

Musial was briefly stationed at the Bainbridge, Maryland Training Center, the same place where I went to radio school. It’s the only thing we have in common.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

OnThisDay.com

Wikipedia.org

Senate.gov

BrainQuote.com

SmithonianMag.com

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Lead-In Image – Hotel Voltaire – Photo by mariel reiser on Unsplash L’Isle-sur-la-Sorgue, France

* Rebecca Felton (video) – EVHS_Online / YouTube.com

* Voltaire (video) – The School of Life / YouTube.com

* “Hetty” Green (video) – Today I Found Out  / YouTube.com

* Stan Musial (video) – ESPN Classic & Baseball Doc / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 2

December 3

December 5

December 8

December 9

December 11

December 12

December 13

* December 15

December 16

December 18

December 19

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 25

December 28

January 1

January 3

* January 4

January 6

January 7

January 8

January 11

January 12

January 14

January 15

January 17

January 19

January 22

January 23

January 24

January 28

January 29

February 1

February 2

February 3

February 5

February 9

February 10

February 12

February 14

February 15

February 20

February 21

February 22

February 25

February 28

February 29

March 2

March 4

March 6

March 9

March 11

March 12

March 14

March 15

March 17

March 19

March 21

March 22

March 23

March 27

March 28

March 29

April 2

April 3

April 4

April 6

April 9

April 11

April 13

April 16

April 18

April 21

April 22

April 23

April 26

April 28

April 29

May 1

May 2

* May 3

May 5

May 6

May 9

May 10

May 11

* May 13

May 16

May 17

May 22

May 24

May 26

May 27

* May 28

May 29

May 31

June 1

June 3

June 4

June 8

June 10

June 11

June 13

June 16

June 17

June 18

June 21

June 22

June 24

June 27

June 28

June 29

July 2

July 3

July 4

July 9

July 10

July 13

July 14

July 15

July 19

July 20

July 23

July 24

July 25

July 29

July 30

July 31

August 2

* August 3

August 6

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 13

August 16

August 17

August 19

August 21

August 23

August 24

August 25

August 28

August 29

August 31

September 2

September 4

September 5

September 6

September 10

September 11

September 12

September 15

September 16

September 17

September 20

September 21

September 23

September 25

September 26

September 27

September 29

September 30

October 1

October 3

October 4

October 5

October 6

October 7

October 10

October 11

October 12

October 13

October 14

October 15

October 16

October 18

October 19

October 20

October 23

October 24

October 25

October 26

October 27

October 29

October 30

October 31

November 1

November 2

November 3

November 4

November 5

November 6

November 7

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 11

November 12

November 13

November 14

November 15

November 16

November 17

November 18

November 19

* November 21

November 23

November 24

November 26

November 28

November 29

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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