This Day in History – November 4 – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… NOVEMBER 4

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1646 – Massachusetts Bay Colony passes death penalty law making it illegal to deny the Bible.

From Christianity.com: “The Puritans did not strictly combine church and state. They recognized that church and state had different purposes–one was for the salvation of souls; the other was for the preservation of society through justice. Both, however, had their source in God, and both should look to the Bible as the source for standards, direction, and guidance. For the Puritans, it was unthinkable that the teachings of the Bible were meant to deal only with a narrow religious sphere. They believed the Scriptures provided the rule and guidance for all of life–government, economics, education, church, family, and morals. And so, on this day, November 4, 1646 the Massachusetts Puritans passed a law prohibiting their people from denying that the Bible is the Word of God. The penalty for persistence in this error was death. The same act also set a fine of five shillings for failing to attend church on Sunday.”

Instituting a death penalty for denying the Bible hardly seems like separation between church and state.

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1921 – Japan’s Prime Minister, Hara Takashi, assassinated.

hara takashi sculpture shutterstock

Takashi was the first commoner appointed Prime Minister. His radical views put him at odds with the established class. He thought positions within the bureaucracy should be filled with those with proper qualifications rather than because of favors or connections. (Radical indeed.) Once he was in office, Takashi’s liberal supporters were also disappointed with him for not moving fast enough. He was stabbed to death in the Tokyo Station by a fanatical right-wing railroad switchman.

Oddly enough, he was the first of two Prime Ministers to be assassinated in the Tokyo railroad station. Prime Minister Osachi was shot there in 1931. There is a spot on the station floor commemorating where each man fell.

A spot on the floor…Well, I guess it is better than having a condo complex covering everything up.

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1980 – Ronald Reagan elected President.

ronald reagan shutterstock 1

A popular Republican president who was in power when the Iron Curtain, and the USSR, crumbled. Reagan also slashed taxes to the rich and introduced the “trickle down” theory: If the rich have more capital, it will trickle down to the rest of us. A future President, George Bush Sr., called it “voodoo economics.”

I was not a fan of Reagan but at least back then there was a civility in government that no longer exists. Rumor has it that Tip O’Neil, Speaker of the House and a Democrat, would go to the Oval Office at the end of the day and have a drink with President Reagan. It seems a better way to promote policy than issuing insults and taunts.

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Birthdays:

1740 – Augustus Montague Toplady.

Besides having a wonderful name, he was a hymn writer. The most well known, and enduring, is “Rock of Ages.” Toplady was born in England and his father was an officer in the Royal Marines. Odd coincidental side note, Toplady’s father fought in the War of Jenkins’ Ear. (See October 30th post.) A Calvinist, Toplady was only 23 years old when he wrote his most famous hymn.

Attending St. Paul’s Lutheran Church as a child, most of the hymns we sung were slow, painful dirges. My two favorites however were “What A Friend We Have in Jesus,” and “Rock of Ages.” I had a tad more spirituality on the Sundays when either of those songs were selected.

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1876 – James Earle Fraser. A sculptor by profession, he designed the Buffalo Nickel.

buffalo nickel shutterstock

Also known as the Indian Head Nickel, it was minted from 1913 to 1938. Fraser was born in Winona, Minnesota and grew up on the plains of South Dakota. He was aware of the vanished buffalo herds and the removal of Native Americans to reservations. At age 14 he was taking classes at the Art Institute of Chicago and by age 18 he produced the famous “The End of the Trail” sculpture, a slumping, tired Indian mounted on an equally tired horse. Fraser used three different Indians as models for his nickel design, one of whom was Chief Two Moons who had fought at Little Big Horn.

When the coin was minted there were only about a thousand buffalo left. The popularity of the coin created a renewed interest in the buffalo and was somewhat credited with keeping that species from becoming extinct.

I remember still seeing some of those coins when I was a kid. Not being a coin collector, I probably exchanged a Buffalo Head nickel for a Fudgesicle.

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1916 – Walter Cronkite. Journalist and anchor of the CBS Evening News.

Working for UPI (United Press International) during WWII, he covered the bombing of London, the North African campaign, the landing at Normandy, and after the war, the Nuremberg Trials. He helped start CBS News, and from 1962 to 1981 he was the anchorman for the biggest stories including JFK’s assassination, the Vietnam War, urban race riots, Watergate, and the space age. At one point he was called the most trusted man in America. When he dropped his objectivity and criticized the Vietnam War President Johnson famously said, “If I’ve lost Cronkite, I’ve lost Middle America.”

In this day and age Cronkite would probably be accused of promoting “Fake News.”

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

Wikipedia.org

Christianity.com

OnThisDay.com

JPNinfo.com

Biography.com

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Lead-In Image (Ronald Reagan) – mark reinstein / Shutterstock.com – “Washington DC. USA, 11th January, 1989 President Ronald Reagan delivers his 34th and final televised speech to the nation from the Oval Office of the White House.”

* Hara Takashi Statue (photo) – KPG_Payless / YouTube.com

* Ronald Reagan (photo) – Joseph Sohm / YouTube.com – “President Reagan presents an introduction for the Horatio Alger Association.”

* Augustus Montague Toplady (audio) – Michael Lyman / YouTube.com

* Buffalo Nickel (photo) –  Daniel D Malone / YouTube.com

* Walter Cronkite (video) – CBS / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 2

December 3

December 5

December 8

December 9

December 11

December 12

December 13

* December 15

December 16

December 18

December 19

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 25

December 28

January 1

January 3

* January 4

January 6

January 7

January 8

January 11

January 12

January 14

January 15

January 17

January 19

January 22

January 23

January 24

January 28

January 29

February 1

February 2

February 3

February 5

February 9

February 10

February 12

February 14

February 15

February 20

February 21

February 22

February 25

February 28

February 29

March 2

March 4

March 6

March 9

March 11

March 12

March 14

March 15

March 17

March 19

March 21

March 22

March 23

March 27

March 28

March 29

April 2

April 3

April 4

April 6

April 9

April 11

April 13

April 16

April 18

April 21

April 22

April 23

April 26

April 28

April 29

May 1

May 2

* May 3

May 5

May 6

May 9

May 10

May 11

* May 13

May 16

May 17

May 22

May 24

May 26

May 27

* May 28

May 29

May 31

June 1

June 3

June 4

June 8

June 10

June 11

June 13

June 16

June 17

June 18

June 21

June 22

June 24

June 27

June 28

June 29

July 2

July 3

July 4

July 9

July 10

July 13

July 14

July 15

July 19

July 20

July 23

July 24

July 25

July 29

July 30

July 31

August 2

* August 3

August 6

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 13

August 16

August 17

August 19

August 21

August 23

August 24

August 25

August 28

August 29

August 31

September 2

September 4

September 5

September 6

September 10

September 11

September 12

September 15

September 16

September 17

September 20

September 21

September 23

September 25

September 26

September 27

September 29

September 30

October 1

October 3

October 4

October 5

October 6

October 7

October 10

October 11

October 12

October 13

October 14

October 15

October 16

October 18

October 19

October 20

October 23

October 24

October 25

October 26

October 27

October 29

October 30

October 31

November 1

November 2

November 3

November 5

November 6

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 11

November 13

November 14

November 15

November 16

November 17

November 18

* November 19

November 20

November 23

November 24

November 26

November 28

November 29

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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