This Day in History – October 10 – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… OCTOBER 10

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1871 – Chicago fire extinguished.

After burning for three days, the disastrous fire was finally out. How the fire started remains uncertain, but Mrs. O’Leary’s cow gets its share of the blame. Another theory is a meteor. (Given that choice I’d go with the cow.) The city was filled with wooden structures, wooden bridges, and even wooden sidewalks. Combined with dry weather conditions, once the blaze started it was unstoppable. About 300 lives were lost, 17,000 buildings destroyed, one-third of Chicago destroyed, and 100,000 left homeless. Aided by rainfall, the fire was finally stopped the morning of the 10th. The rebuilding efforts created economic growth and the city’s population quickly increased after the fire.

Another destructive but little-known fire took place at the same time. A forest fire in northeastern Wisconsin swept through the village of Peshtigo and other small towns, killing anywhere from 1,000 to 2,500 people. Although far more deadly in human toll, the Chicago Fire captured far more attention. Maybe because Peshtigo didn’t have a guilty cow.

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1938 – Germany completes annexation of Sudetenland.

The treaty after WWI carved up the world according to the specifications of the victorious allies. Sudetenland, part of the Austria-Hungarian empire, was given to Czechoslovakia. The region was inhabited by Czechs, Germans, Slovaks, Hungarians, Poles, and Ruthenians, (whatever they were). But it was predominately Germans who occupied the area. In WWI they suffered a higher per capita casualty rate than most other German-speaking areas. So Hitler felt justified annexing what was part of Czechoslovakia. And most of the inhabitants living there welcomed him. Apparently France and England rationalized it the same way, for they took no action. It was just another step toward all out war.

From Europe in WWII to the current wars in the Middle East, so much conflict and human misery can be traced back to the treaty ending the first World War. At that time countries were created and designed by committee without regard for ethnic preference or tribal input. It was an excuse for Hitler in Sudetenland, and in more recent history led to the violent breakup of Yugoslavia in Eastern Europe. And it is only speculation, but how might have things turned out differently in the Middle East if Lawrence of Arabia’s promises had been fulfilled instead of falling victim to colonial pursuits?

FYI. From Wikipedia: In its broadest usage, “Ruthenians” or “Ruthenes” referred to peoples which were ancestors of the modern Belarusian, Russians, Rusyns, and Ukrainians.

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1985 – End of Achille Lauro crisis.

On October 7th the cruise ship, while in the port at Alexandria, Eygpt, was hijacked by four members of the PLF, the Palestine Liberation Front. Most of the passengers were on shore touring the pyramids when the hijackers forced the captain to sail the ship to sea. A tense three-day standoff ensued and one passenger, American Leon Klinghoffer, was murdered and his body thrown overboard. Negotiations allowed the ship to dock in Port Said where the hijackers briefly disappeared. They boarded a plane to escape but that plan was discovered and on October 10th the plane was forced to land in Sigonella, Italy. There, members of American Seal Team Six arrested them. Being that one of its own citizens had been killed, America wanted to bring them back to the USA for trial. However, on the tarmac, the Seals in turn were surrounded by three hundred soldiers of the Italian Army. This taking place on Italian soil, they demanded taking custody of the hijackers. Another tense standoff ensued. The Seal commander radioed and said the Italians were inexperienced and nervous and with the Americans’ superior firepower, they could prevail. That would mean killing soldiers of an allied nation, however. Rational minds prevailed and the hijackers were turned over to the Italians. Tried and convicted, the hijackers’ sentences ranged from 15 to 30 years.

Rational minds prevailed. That sentence is seldom written when guns are involved.

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Birthdays:

1863 – Louis Cyr.

Strongman. The French-Canadian Cyr is reputedly to be the strongest man who has ever lived. Eighteen pounds at birth, Cyr was already working as a lumberjack at age twelve. He easily won any strongman contests he entered and some of his feats of strength include lifting over 500 pounds with one finger, winning a tug-of-war against four draft horses, and lifting a platform carrying eighteen men. Cyr worked as a policeman for a while and also owned a tavern. He stood 5’8” inches tall and weighed anywhere from 250 to 400 pounds. Cyr’s kidneys failed him and he died at the age of forty-nine.

Eighteen pounds at birth! His mother obviously was no weakling either.

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1933 – Thomas John Kummer. AKA Jay Sebring.

Hollywood hair stylist who was murdered, along with Sharon Tate, Wojciech Frykowski, and Abigail Folger, by members of the Manson gang on August 9th, 1969.

A book about the murders, capture and trial of the Manson gang, “Helter Skelter,” written by the prosecutor, Vincent Bugliosi, is a gruesome but captivating read.

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1946 – John Prine.

Singer and songwriter. Although he has never had a major hit, Prine’s body of work ensures his musical legacy. Some of his songs are “Jesus the Missing Years,” “Angel From Montgomery,” “Sam Stone,” and “Your Flag Decal Won’t Get You into Heaven Anymore.” Each of Prine’s songs is a story; he is as much of a storyteller as a songwriter.

And that’s probably why I love him, because I’m basically a storyteller at heart. My favorite might be “Donald and Lydia.”

Lydia
Lydia hid her thoughts like a cat
Behind her small eyes sunk deep in her fat.

Donald
There were spaces between Donald and whatever he said.
Strangers had forced him to live in his head.

Love
The made love in the mountains, they made love in the streams,
They made love in the valleys, they made love in their dreams.
But when they were finished there was nothing to say,
’cause mostly they made love from ten miles away.

Every time I hear it I’m blown away.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

OnThisDay.com 

HistoryOnTheNet.com 

Wikipedia.org 

Britannica.com 

TheHumanMarvels.com 

John Prine

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Lead-In Image (Louis Cyr statue, Montreal) – meunierd / Shutterstock.com

louis cyr - meunierd - shutterstock - embed

* Louis Cyr (video) – Historica Canada / YouTube.com

* John Prine (song) – ILLCROOK / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 2

December 3

December 5

December 8

December 9

December 11

December 12

December 13

* December 15

December 16

December 18

December 19

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 25

December 28

January 1

January 3

* January 4

January 6

January 7

January 8

January 11

January 12

January 14

January 15

January 17

January 19

January 22

January 23

January 24

January 28

January 29

February 1

February 2

February 3

February 5

February 9

February 10

February 12

February 14

February 15

February 20

February 21

February 22

February 25

February 28

February 29

March 2

March 4

March 6

March 9

March 11

March 12

March 14

March 15

March 17

March 19

March 21

March 22

March 23

March 27

March 28

March 29

April 2

April 3

April 4

April 6

April 9

April 11

April 13

April 16

April 18

April 21

April 22

April 23

April 26

April 28

April 29

May 1

May 2

* May 3

May 5

May 6

May 9

May 10

May 11

* May 13

May 16

May 17

May 22

May 24

May 26

May 27

* May 28

May 29

May 31

June 1

June 3

June 4

June 8

June 10

June 11

June 13

June 16

June 17

June 18

June 21

June 22

June 24

June 27

June 28

June 29

July 2

July 3

July 4

July 9

July 10

July 13

July 14

July 15

July 19

July 20

July 23

July 24

July 25

July 29

July 30

July 31

August 2

* August 3

August 6

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 13

August 16

August 17

August 19

August 21

August 23

August 24

August 25

August 28

August 29

August 31

September 2

September 4

September 5

September 6

September 10

September 11

September 12

September 15

September 16

September 17

September 20

September 21

September 23

September 25

September 26

September 27

September 29

September 30

October 1

October 3

October 4

October 5

October 6

October 7

October 11

* October 12

October 14

October 15

October 16

October 18

October 20

October 24

October 25

October 26

October 27

October 30

October 31

November 1

November 3

*November 4

November 5

November 6

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 11

November 13

November 14

November 15

November 16

*November 17

November 18

* November 19

November 20

November 23

November 24

November 26

November 28

November 29

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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