This Day in History – October 29 – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… OCTOBER 29

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The famous explorer and soldier had a contentious relationship with the crown, no matter who wore it. Despite being a court favorite, in 1592 Raleigh was locked up in the Tower of London for impregnating Bess Throckmorton, a lady-in-waiting for the queen. Queen Elizabeth I took a dim view of this sort of scandalous behavior and imprisoned them both. They were soon released, he regained the queen’s favor and then set off to explore the New World. He also became a thorn in the side against England’s main enemy, Spain. After Elizabeth died James I became king and he desperately wanted peace with Spain. False allegations were brought against Raleigh that he had accepted money from Spain in a plot to overthrow James. Thinking he would get on Spain’s good side by removing this formidable foe, James sent Raleigh back to prison. Raleigh was given the death sentence but it was not carried out, instead he spent thirteen years in the Tower. While still an English prison, it was more forgiving than most in that Bess lived with him and they had another child. In 1617 he was pardoned so he could sail off to South America in search of El Dorado, the legendary city of gold. While on that quest some of his men, against his orders, attacked a Spanish outpost. After he returned to England an outraged Spain demanded the original sentence be carried out. James was eager to please so, at age 56 Sir Walter Raleigh was beheaded.

Palace intrigue at the time often ended with the ever popular cry of “Off with his head!”

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1901 – Nurse Jane Toppan arrested.

Toppan was an American serial killer who confessed to thirty-one murders and may have been responsible for as many as a hundred. Born Honora Kelly, her mother died soon after and her abusive father abandoned her at an orphanage where she was six. At the age of eight she was sent to work as a servant for a family named Toppan. She later took their surname as her own. At the age of twenty-one she went to nursing school and was well-liked, given the nickname Jolly Jane for her personality. But it was shortly after this, working at a hospital, that she started to kill. She would overdose her patients with drugs, sometimes crawling into bed with them to experience their deaths. She also started to overeat and carried 170 pounds on her 5’3” frame. Fired from the hospital for reckless dispensation of medications she then became a private nurse, routinely killing off members of the families she served. An autopsy revealed poison in one of her victims and Nurse Jane Toppan’s killing spree finally came to an end. She spent the rest of her life in an asylum.

A hospital lets her go because too many patients died on her watch yet she’s allowed to go on her merry way for how many more victims?  

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1948Safsaf Massacre.

A battle took place between Israeli Defense Forces, the IDF, and Palestinian defenders at the Palestinian village of Safsaf. Outflanked and outfought, the defenders fled leaving behind only civilians in the village. The IDF marched in, rounded up fifty-two men and shot them. Four women were also raped. This account comes from Palestinian oral history and verified by a senior Israeli officer, Yosef Nachmani, who investigated the incident. Nachmani kept a diary and in it wrote: “Where did they come by such a measure of cruelty, like Nazis? . . . Is there no more humane way of expelling the inhabitants than by such methods?” When the diary was later published, passages about the massacre were deleted. Internal inquiries by the IDF remain classified information.

History like this that makes peace all but impossible in that beleaguered region.

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Birthdays:

1897 – Joseph Goebbels.

Nazi propagandist. Short of stature with a head too large for his small body, and a deformed right foot causing him to walk with a limp, Goebbels was nevertheless a leading proponent of the “Master Race.” With a deep voice he was a powerful orator, more effective even than Hitler. He received his PhD in Philology in 1921 and worked as a tutor before going into journalism. It was at this time he became an anti-Semite despite dating a Jewish woman for a while. It was the reason they broke up. in 1924 Goebbels became infatuated with Hitler and the Nazis and joined the party. He rose through the ranks and by 1933 was head of the Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda. He promoted anti-Semitism, organized book burnings, and turned Horst Wessel, who was killed by communists, into a national hero. Believing his own propaganda, Goebbels promoted the “Final Solution.” Once the war turned against them Goebbels remained loyal to Hitler until the end. One day after Hitler committed suicide, in a underground bunker in Berlin, Goebbels and his wife poisoned their six children, then killed themselves.

It is said cream rises to the top, in certain situations I guess evil does also.

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1921 – Bill Mauldin.

Cartoonist. Mauldin won a Pulitzer Prize in 1945 for his depiction of war weary infantry soldiers, Willie and Joe. Another famous cartoon was after President Kennedy’s assassination when he drew the Lincoln Memorial with Abe, elbows on his knees and his face buried in his hands. His WWII cartoons about infantry life in the European campaign were featured in “Stars and Stripes,” a military newspaper. They were immensely popular with enlisted personnel, less so with officers. Once General George Patton berated him for his slovenly depiction of foot soldiers and their attitude. Mauldin stood his ground and continue to draw what he saw. After the war, he continued to work as a cartoonist for newspapers and also as a freelance writer. Success came less frequent because editors wanted him to be apolitical rather than displaying his civil libertarian views. In 1956 he made an unsuccessful run for Congress, saying he got beat because his politics were too far left. Alongside Audie Murphy he acted in the movie “The Red Badge of Courage.” Mauldin drew his last Willie and Joe cartoon in collaboration with Charles Schulz for a “Peanuts” cartoon celebrating Veterans Day in 1998. He passed away in 2003.

One of my heroes. I didn’t know he was in “The Red Badge of Courage.” Have to watch it again and look for him.

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1934 – Karl Francis Hettinger.

Police officer. One night in 1963 in Los Angeles, Hettinger and his partner, making a traffic stop, were disarmed and kidnapped. They were driven to an onion field where his partner was killed, and Hettinger escaped. Besides suffering from survivor’s guilt, he was publicly shamed by the police department. Hettinger died at age 59 from liver failure. Fellow cop turned writer, Joseph Wambaugh wrote a book, “The Onion Field” about the incident. Hittinger was resentful over the fact the book was written. Here is what Wambaugh had to say: “Karl minded terribly, but I just exploited him. I used money as my weapon to get the story, I offered him money that for the sake of his family he couldn’t refuse. I acted that way because I thought the story was more important than Karl Hettinger, more important than me — that it was a story so important that I would have done almost anything to get it written.”

Justify it, rationalize it, whatever, that’s still pretty cold.

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

OnThisDay.com

History.com

Wikipedia.org

CriminalHistorian.com

PBS.org

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Lead-In Image (Bill Mauldin Cartoon) – American Experience, PBS, Bill Mauldin’s Army, and Penguin Random House

* Drunk History: The Story of Sir Walter Raleigh (video) – Comedy Central UK  / YouTube.com

* Bill Mauldin (video) – The National Press Club / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 2

December 3

December 5

December 8

December 9

December 11

December 12

December 13

* December 15

December 16

December 18

December 19

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 25

December 28

January 1

January 3

* January 4

January 6

January 7

January 8

January 11

January 12

January 14

January 15

January 17

January 19

January 22

January 23

January 24

January 28

January 29

February 1

February 2

February 3

February 5

February 9

February 10

February 12

February 14

February 15

February 20

February 21

February 22

February 25

February 28

February 29

March 2

March 4

March 6

March 9

March 11

March 12

March 14

March 15

March 17

March 19

March 21

March 22

March 23

March 27

March 28

March 29

April 2

April 3

April 4

April 6

April 9

April 11

April 13

April 16

April 18

April 21

April 22

April 23

April 26

April 28

April 29

May 1

May 2

* May 3

May 5

May 6

May 9

May 10

May 11

* May 13

May 16

May 17

May 22

May 24

May 26

May 27

* May 28

May 29

May 31

June 1

June 3

June 4

June 8

June 10

June 11

June 13

June 16

June 17

June 18

June 21

June 22

June 24

June 27

June 28

June 29

July 2

July 3

July 4

July 9

July 10

July 13

July 14

July 15

July 19

July 20

July 23

July 24

July 25

July 29

July 30

July 31

August 2

* August 3

August 6

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 13

August 16

August 17

August 19

August 21

August 23

August 24

August 25

August 28

August 29

August 31

September 2

September 4

September 5

September 6

September 10

September 11

September 12

September 15

September 16

September 17

September 20

September 21

September 23

September 25

September 26

September 27

September 29

September 30

October 1

October 3

October 4

October 5

October 6

October 7

October 10

October 11

October 12

October 13

October 14

October 15

October 16

October 18

October 19

October 20

October 23

October 24

October 25

October 26

* October 27

October 30

October 31

November 1

November 3

November 4

November 5

November 6

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 11

November 13

November 14

November 15

November 16

November 17

November 18

* November 19

November 20

November 23

November 24

November 26

November 28

November 29

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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