This Day in History – October 6 – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… OCTOBER 6th

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1898 – Last Indian Uprising.

From www.mnhs.org: “During the month of October, 1898, there occurred at Leech Lake, in northern Minnesota, an Indian uprising which may well be called the last of the long series of bloody encounters in which the red man and the white man have clashed in the struggle for a continent.” It was little noted at the time because it coincided with the Spanish-American War. Resentment had been building among a band of Ojibway living around Leech Lake over being cheated on lumber rights by white speculators. According to the Minnesota Historical Society’s magazine, there was also indiscriminate arrests of Indians by U.S. Marshalls. In the middle of September two Ojibway men were arrested, then set free by other members of their tribe. Warrants were then issued for the arrests of more than twenty men involved in the escape. Reinforcements in the form of about 75 soldiers from Fort Snelling were sent to assist in this effort. The force disembarked from large boats onto a peninsula on the north side of Leech Lake. There, in a heavily wooded area, they arrested two Indians after a physical struggle. About 100 armed men and boys from the Pillager band of the Ojibway confronted them and a fierce battle broke out. Soldiers hid behind a building and fences while the Indians fired from the woods. In the three and a half hour fight six soldiers were killed and ten wounded. Indian casualties are unknown. Soldiers claimed six killed while the Indians listed their loses as two wounded.

In the following days a rush of heavily armed soldiers, along with a Gatling gun, was sent to the area. Alarm spread throughout the region among white settlers. Citizens armed themselves, towns requested troops, and panic ensued in Bemidji where all the women and children were confined to the court house. A Catholic priest respected by the tribe was brought in to negotiate. The uprising ended in the middle of October. Retribution was not severe. Jail sentences for those involved ranged from six weeks to ten months. And the ten month sentences were commuted to two months. By the following summer all had been pardoned. Also, in the wake of the uprising, new lumber rights for the Ojibway were enacted.

In the interest of accuracy the actual Battle of Leech Lake took place on October 5th, but scattered skirmishes and firing continued into the 6th. After that it was mostly a standoff until peace was established. Another Native American complaint at the time was brutal treatment at the hands of the police. As they say, the more things change, the more they stay the same.

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1911 – Cy Young makes his last appearance.

The Hall of Fame pitcher, having won 511 games, at the age of 42 was at the end of his career. He was out of shape, too fat to bend over to easily fields bunts or run to cover first base. Young was clobbered, giving up 11 runs. The most prestigious pitching award in baseball is now named after him.

Hanging on too long happens to a lot of great athletes.

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1976 – Gang of Four arrested.

These were four prominent members of the Chinese Communist Party, including Mao Zedung’s wife. They came to power during the Cultural Revolution and were responsible for some of its excesses. After Mao’s death they tried to seize control but Mao’s handpicked successor rose to power instead. The Gang of Four were charged with treason and found guilty. Two received long prison terms and two were sentenced to death, including Mao’s widow. The death sentences were later commuted to life.

The wife of the hero of the country sentenced to death? Man, they play some hardball politics over there.

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Birthdays:

1846 – George Westinghouse.

Inventor, entrepreneur. Westinghouse was 15 when the Civil War broke out and he immediately joined the New York National Guard. He served in both the Union Army and Navy, ending the war as an engineer on a gunboat. He first came to prominence at age 22 when he invented an air brake system for railroad cars. Later he became interested in electricity, ultimately resulting in the “war of currents” against Thomas Edison. Westinghouse was a proponent of alternating current, AC, while Edison favored direct current, DC. Westinghouse was right and AC proved to be more efficient. He was also smart enough to believe in Nikola Tesla, who had invented the first AC motor. Here is a Tesla quote found in historyextra.com:  “George Westinghouse was, in my opinion, the only man on this globe who could take my alternating-current system under the circumstances then existing and win the battle against prejudice and money power.” Westinghouse was also one of the first powerful industrialist of his time to shorten the work week for his employees. He died at age 67 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

I’ll take Westinghouse over Edison. He sounds like a decent sort, plus he believed in Nikola Tesla, one of the most fascinating people who has ever lived.

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1888 – Roland Garros.

The venue where the French Open is played is named after him. Garros was not a tennis player but a pilot who killed in the First World War. Garros invented a system that allowed a machine gun to be fired through the propellors of a plane. It proved successful as he shot down four German planes before anti-aircraft fire forced him to crash land and he was captured. He spent three years as a POW before escaping. Aided by a map of Germany smuggled to him in the hollowed out handle of a tennis racket, Garros made his way through Germany and Holland, then on to England before returning to his home country. Garros hid the fact that his health, and eyesight, had deteriorated while in captivity, and returned to flying. He was shot down and killed on October 5th, 1918, one day before his 30th birthday. Roland Garros remains a French national hero.

I was puzzled when I first entered his name into a search engine because scores for the French Open kept popping up. Further research revealed the reason. Learning obscure facts is a fun byproduct of doing this blog.

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1946 – Gerry Adams.

Northern Ireland politician. The president of Sinn Fein, a political party, and suspected member of the Irish Republican Army (a claim which Adams has denied). Members of the IRA were terrorists to some and freedom fighters to others so the question of his membership makes him a controversial figure. Nevertheless, Adams helped bring about peace in Northern Ireland. He did this by getting Sinn Fein to engage in the political process and urging the IRA to end its armed conflict.

Whatever his background Adams achieved something in Northern Ireland none thought possible.

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Sources:

onthisday.com

mhns.org

sabr.org

thoughtco.com

historyextra.com

nytimes.com

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

OnThisDay.com

Wikipedia.org

Biography.com

WhiteHouse.gov

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

* Lead-In Image (Chester Arthur) – Photo by Armand Khoury on Unsplash 

* George Westinghouse (video) – Business Casual / YouTube.com

* Roland Garros (video) – Roland Garros / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 2

December 3

December 5

December 8

December 9

December 11

December 12

December 13

* December 15

December 16

December 18

December 19

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 25

December 28

January 1

January 3

* January 4

January 6

January 7

January 8

January 11

January 12

January 14

January 15

January 17

January 19

January 22

January 23

January 24

January 28

January 29

February 1

February 2

February 3

February 5

February 9

February 10

February 12

February 14

February 15

February 20

February 21

February 22

February 25

February 28

February 29

March 2

March 4

March 6

March 9

March 11

March 12

March 14

March 15

March 17

March 19

March 21

March 22

March 23

March 27

March 28

March 29

April 2

April 3

April 4

April 6

April 9

April 11

April 13

April 16

April 18

April 21

April 22

April 23

April 26

April 28

April 29

May 1

May 2

* May 3

May 5

May 6

May 9

May 10

May 11

* May 13

May 16

May 17

May 22

May 24

May 26

May 27

* May 28

May 29

May 31

June 1

June 3

June 4

June 8

June 10

June 11

June 13

June 16

June 17

June 18

June 21

June 22

June 24

June 27

June 28

June 29

July 2

July 3

July 4

July 9

July 10

July 13

July 14

July 15

July 19

July 20

July 23

July 24

July 25

July 29

July 30

July 31

August 2

* August 3

August 6

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 13

August 16

August 17

August 19

August 21

August 23

August 24

August 25

August 28

August 29

August 31

September 2

September 4

September 5

September 6

September 10

September 11

September 12

September 15

September 16

September 17

September 20

September 21

September 23

September 25

September 26

September 27

September 29

September 30

October 1

October 3

October 4

* October 5

October 7

October 10

October 11

* October 12

October 14

October 15

October 16

October 18

October 20

October 24

October 25

October 26

October 27

October 30

October 31

November 1

November 3

*November 4

November 5

November 6

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 11

November 13

November 14

November 15

November 16

*November 17

November 18

* November 19

November 20

November 23

November 24

November 26

November 28

November 29

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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