great kanto earthquake - feature - everett collection - shutterstock

This Day in History – September 1 – Hijinx, Humor, and Insight

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NewsWhistle is pleased to feature Gary Jenneke’s “This Day In History” column.

You can read the original at Gary’s THIS DAY IN HISTORY blog — or scroll down to enjoy Gary’s unique look at life’s comings and goings.

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY… SEPTEMBER 1

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1894 –  Hinkley Fire.

200,000 acres burned and 418 people were known to have lost their lives in Hinkley, Minnesota and five smaller communities in the area. A two-month drought and high temperatures contributed to the inferno that day. Also a major culprit was the method employed by the lumbering companies who were logging the forests. They took only the wood they valued,  leaving branches, brush and scapes to litter what once was the forest floor. This waste was a dry tinderbox and many small fires  began to burn. As people fought to contain them, the wind picked up and all the small fires combined into one giant conflagration. A wall of fire raced toward Hinkley, consuming everything in its path. People submerged themselves in wells, ponds, rivers ,and creeks trying to survive. Two passenger trains, guided by brave engineers, chugged through the flames carrying people to safety. One train backed up five miles to Skunk Lake where 300 people took refuge.

The fire was so hot and intense that it melted a keg of nails into solid metal and fused the wheels of idle boxcars to the tracks. Although lasting only two hours, the firestorm destroyed everything in its path. The official toll was 418, but more than likely higher, with an unknown number of people living in the backwoods, including Native Americans, also perishing. One man listed as missing and presumed dead was Boston Corbett. An eccentric,  he lived in a cabin in the woods near Hinkley. Corbett was famous for being the man who shot and killed John Wilkes Booth. His body was never found.

Besides the engineers, another hero of the day was John Blair, an African-American conductor of the train that made it to Skunk Lake. He sprayed people with water, handed out wet towels, and calmly remained at his post until all the passengers on the train made it to the relative safety of the 18-inch swamp. After the fire passed, the train remained there overnight and he helped keep people comfortable against the cool night air. He was credited by many aboard for helping keep them alive. But when the survivors reached Duluth and Superior, because of his skin color, he was denied entry to the shelters where the others were taking refuge.

A crisis is one thing, but at some point propriety had to take over again.

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1923 – Great Kantō Earthquake.

At approximately noon an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.9 struck Honshu, the main island of Japan. Tokyo, Yokohama, and some other smaller cities were devastated. Varying accounts list the length of the quake, anywhere from four to ten minutes. The final death toll exceeded 142,000. Because it hit at lunchtime, many people were cooking food over open flames and fires quickly spread. Coincidentally, a typhoon was forming off the coast of Japan, bringing in high winds that fanned the flames. A fire tornado engulfed a crowded area of Tokyo, killing 38,000 people. Landslides in mountainous areas added to the death toll, including 100 people on a passenger train that was swept into the sea when a mountainside collapsed. A tsunami producing waves 30 to 40 feet high hit the coast, killing more people. When it was over, almost 2 million people were homeless. Included in the death toll was the American Consul and his wife.

If this wasn’t all tragic enough, violence followed in the days and weeks after the quake. False rumors spread that ethnic Koreans were taking advantages of the situation by committing robbery and also starting more fires. Somewhere between 6,000 and 8,000 Koreans were murdered by enraged mobs. Seven hundred Chinese, mistaken for Koreans, were also killed. The army had to be sent to protect Korean communities, finally stemming the violence.

It was a natural disaster, yet even then somebody has to be blamed, a scapegoat needed. A sad commentary about the human condition.

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1941 – German Jews required to wear Star of David.

A decree, signed by Reinhard Heydrich, ordered all Jews in the Reich over the age of six to wear the badge. It was yellow, with the word Jude (Jew) in the center. It almost backfired at first, garnering some wearers sympathy because they were so obviously impoverished they could not be the cause of Germany’s woes. A propaganda rumor was started that the badge was in retaliation because America required American-Germans to wear a swastika.

There’s that scapegoat theme again. Koreans, Jews, caravans of immigrants, welfare mothers, whatever, it’s always better to shine the spotlight, and place the blame, elsewhere rather than on one’s own internal policies.

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1962 – Earth’s population hits 3 billion.

It now stands at 7.7 billion, and quickly rising toward an unsustainable number. If you want to see a truly frightening display, go to: worldometers.info

It is instantaneously recording population increase. One cannot help but reach some very dark conclusions.

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Birthdays:

1899 – Richard Arlen.

Actor. Born in St. Paul, Minnesota, Arlen started out in silent films and later transitioned into talkies. He starred in “Wings,” directed by William Wellman, and had a scene with supporting actor Gary Cooper. Later, in “The Virginian,” Cooper was the star and Arlen in a supporting role. Their careers continued to go in opposite directions with Cooper becoming a star and Arlen working in “B” films.

Arlen had an interesting backstory. He was a fighter pilot for the Canadian Air Force in WWI, although he never saw action. Then he became a motorcycle messenger for a film studio in Los Angeles. One day he crashed his motorcycle into the studio gate and broke his leg. While he was being treated by the medical staff, a studio head happened onto the scene, and decided he was handsome enough to be on screen, and that was his start.

Well, there’s a different take on the old showbiz bromide “Break a leg.”

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1931 – Lecil Martin. 1933 – Harold Jenkins. AKA Boxcar Willie and Conway Twitty respectively. Country western singers.

If a name change is necessary, I can see Boxcar Willie. But how in the world do you land on Conway Twitty?

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ABOUT GARY JENNEKE

At various junctures of his life, Gary has been an indifferent grade school student, poor high school student, good Navy radioman, one-time hippie, passable college student, inveterate traveler, dedicated writer, miscast accountant (except for one interesting stint at a Communist café), part-time screenwriting teacher, semi-proud veteran, unsuccessful retiree and new blogger.

You can reach him at gary@newswhistle.com.

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CREDITS

The above information was sourced from the following sites and newspapers.

Sources:

onthisday.com

worldometers.info

en.wikipedia.org

www.imbd.com

hinkleygovoffice2.com

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We’d also like to thank the following photographers and videographers for the use of their images:

*  Lead-In Image (Great Kantō Earthquake) – Everett Historical / Shutterstock.com – “Ruins of burned streetcars after the 1923 Tokyo earthquake. The Great Kanto earthquake had a reported duration between 4 and 10 minutes.”

the great kanto earthquake - embed - everett historical - shutterstock - embed

* Great Kanto Earthquake (video) – Smithsonian Channel / YouTube.com

* Richard Arlen (video) – Movie Legends / YouTube.com

* Outro (Man-In-Museum Cartoon) – SkyPics Studio / Shutterstock.com

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OTHER DAYS IN HISTORY …

December 2

* December 5

* December 9

December 11

December 12

* December 15

December 16

December 18 

December 22

December 23

December 24

December 28

* December 30

* January 3

January 4

January 6

January 7

January 10

* January 11

* January 14

January 15

January 16

January 19

January 21

January 22

January 24

January 25

January 29

January 30

February 1

February 3 

February 5

February 6

* February 9

* February 10

* February 11

February 14

February 15

February 18

February 20

February 21

February 24

February 25

February 28

March 2

March 3

March 6

March 9

March 10

March 12

* March 14

March 16

March 17

March 19

March 20

March 21

March 23

March 26

March 27

March 29

March 31

April 2

April 3

April 6

April 7

April 11

* April 12

April 13

April 18

April 19

April 22

April 23

April 25

April 28

April 29

May 2

May 3

* May 4

May 6

May 8

May 9

May 10

May 13

* May 17

May 18

May 19

May 23

* May 24

May 26

* May 28

May 29

June 1

June 2

June 3

June 8

June 9

June 10

June 15

June 17

June 18

June 19

June 21

June 23

June 24

June 28

June 29

June 30

July 2

* July 3

July 6

July 12

July 13

July 15

July 18

July 19

July 22

July 23

July 25

July 27

July 30

* July 31

August 3

August 4

August 7

August 10

August 11

August 14

August 16

August 17

* August 18

August 21

August 22

August 24

August 25

August 27

* August 28

* August 31

September 2

September 5

September 6

September 8

September 11

September 12

September 15

September 16 

September 17

September 21

September 23

September 24

September 25

September 28

September 30

October 1

October 3

October 7

October 10

October 12

October 14

* October 16

October 18

October 24

October 25

October 27

October 28

October 30

November 3

* November 4

November 5

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 13

November 14

November 16

* November 17

November 19

November 20

November 23

November 28

November 30

* Stay tuned for more!

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